Pure and Applied Geophysics

, Volume 172, Issue 10, pp 2871–2889 | Cite as

Fractured Rock Permeability as a Function of Temperature and Confining Pressure

  • A. K. M. Badrul Alam
  • Yoshiaki Fujii
  • Daisuke Fukuda
  • Jun-ichi Kodama
  • Katsuhiko Kaneko


Triaxial compression tests were carried out on Shikotsu welded tuff, Kimachi sandstone, and Inada granite under confining pressures of 1–15 MPa at 295 and 353 K. The permeability of the tuff declined monotonically with axial compression. The post-compression permeability became smaller than that before axial compression. The permeability of Kimachi sandstone and Inada granite declined at first, then began to increase before the peak load, and showed values that were almost constant in the residual strength state. The post-compression permeability of Kimachi sandstone was higher than that before axial compression under low confining pressures, but lower under higher confining pressures. On the other hand, the permeability of Inada granite was higher than that before axial compression regardless of the confining pressure values. For the all rock types, the post-compression permeability at 353 K was lower than at 295 K and the influence of the confining pressure was less at 353 K than at 295 K. The above temperature effects were observed apparently for Inada granite, only the latter effect was apparent for Shikotsu welded tuff, and they were not so obvious for Kimachi sandstone. The mechanisms causing the variation in rock permeability and sealability of underground openings were discussed.


Temperature–confining pressure coupling permeability sealability pore collapse plastic deformation viscous deformation 



This research work was partially supported by KAKENHI (22560804).


  1. Alam, A.K.M. B., M. Niioka, Y. Fujii, D. Fukuda, and J. Kodama (2014), Effect of confining pressure on the permeability of three rock types under compression, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci., 65(1), 49–61.Google Scholar
  2. Backblom, G., and C.D. Martin (1999), Recent experiments in hard rock to study the excavation response: Implication of the performance of a nuclear waste geological repository, Tunnel Undergr. Space Technol., 14(3), 377–394.Google Scholar
  3. Brace, W.F., J.B. Walsh, and W.T. Frangos (1968) Permeability of granite under high pressure, J. Geophys. Res., 73, 2225–2236.Google Scholar
  4. Darot, M., Y. Gueguen, M.-L. Baratin (1992), Permeability of thermally cracked granite. Geophys. Res. Letter, 19(9), 869–872.Google Scholar
  5. Dhakal, G., T. Yoneda, M. Kato, and K. Kaneko (2002), Slake durability and mineralogical properties of some pyroclastic and sedimentary rocks, Eng. geol., 65(1), 31–45.Google Scholar
  6. Doi, S. (1963), Petrological and petrochemical studies of welded tuff, Rep. Geol. Surv. Hokkaido, 29, 30–103.Google Scholar
  7. Freiman, S. W. (1984), Effects of Chemical Environments on Slow Crack Growth in Glasses and Ceramics, J. Geophys. Res. 89 (B6), 4072–4076.Google Scholar
  8. Fujii Y., T. Kiyama, Y. Ishijima and J. Kodama (1998), Examination of a Rock Failure Criterion Based on Circumferential Tensile Strain, Pure and Applied Geophys., 152(3), 551–577.Google Scholar
  9. Fujii, Y., Y. Ishijima, Y. Ichihara, T. Kiyama, S. Kumakura, M. Takada, T. Sugawara, T. Narita, J. Kodama, M. Sawada, E. Nakata (2011), Mechanical properties of abandoned and closed roadways in the Kushiro Coal Mine, Japan, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci., 48, 585–596.Google Scholar
  10. Heinonen, J., P. Lalieux, P. Lebon, B. Neerdael, J.-M. Palut, M. Raynal, L. Shephard, M. Thury, D.R. Williams, and P. Wikberg (2001), The use of scientific and technical results from underground research laboratory investigations for the geological disposal of radioactive waste, IAEA, 67.Google Scholar
  11. Hudson, J.A., O. Stephansson, and J. Anderson (2005), Guidance on numerical modeling of thermo-hydro-mechanical coupled processes for performance assessment of radioactive waste repositories, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci., 42, 850–870.Google Scholar
  12. Kwon, S., and W.J. Cho (2008), The influence of an excavation damaged zone on the thermal–mechanical and hydro-mechanical behaviors of an underground excavation, Eng. Geol., 101, 110–123.Google Scholar
  13. Lin, W., and M. Takahachi (2008), Anisotropy of strength and deformation of Inada granite under uniaxial tension, Chin. J. of Rock Mech. Eng., 27, 2463–2472.Google Scholar
  14. Neuzil, C.E. (2003), Hydromechanical coupling in geologic processes, Hydrogeol. J., 11, 41–83.Google Scholar
  15. Rutqvist, J., D. Barr, R. Datta, A. Gens, A. Millard, S. Olivella, C.-F. Tsang, and Y. Tsang (2005), Coupled thermal-hydrological-mechanical analysis of the Yucca Mountain Drift Scale Test—Comparison of field measurements to predictions of four different numerical models, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci., 42, 680–697.Google Scholar
  16. Rutqvist, J., L. Zheng, F. Chen, H.-H., Liu, J. Birkholzer (2014), Modeling of coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical processes with links to geochemistry associated with bentonite-backfilled repository tunneled in clay formations, Rock Mech. Rock Eng., 47:167–186, doi: 10.1007/s00603-013-0375-x
  17. Sato, T., T. Kikuchi, and K. Sugihara (2000), In situ experiments on an excavation disturbed zone induced by mechanical excavation in neogene sedimentary rock at Tono mine, central Japan, Eng. Geol., 56(1–2), 97–108.Google Scholar
  18. Tsang, C.-F., F. Bernier, C. Davies (2005), Geohydromechanical processes in the excavation damaged zone in crystalline rock, rock salt, and indurated and plastic clays—in the context of radioactive waste disposal, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci., 42, 109–125.Google Scholar
  19. Zaman, M., J.-C. Roegiers, A. Abdulraheem, and M. Azeemuddin (1994), Pore collapse in weakly cemented and porous rocks, J. of Energy Resour. Tech., 116, 97–103.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Basel 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. M. Badrul Alam
    • 1
  • Yoshiaki Fujii
    • 2
  • Daisuke Fukuda
    • 2
  • Jun-ichi Kodama
    • 2
  • Katsuhiko Kaneko
    • 1
  1. 1.Northern Advancement Center for Science and Technology, H-RISEHokkaidoJapan
  2. 2.Rock Mechanics Laboratory, Graduate School of EngineeringHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

Personalised recommendations