Annexin V interactions with collagen
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Annexin V was originally identified as a collagen-binding protein called anchorin CII and was isolated from chondrocyte membranes by affinity chromatography on native type II collagen. The binding of annexin V to native collagen type II is stable at physiological ionic strength when annexin V is reconstituted in liposomes. The binding to native collagen types II and X, and to some extent to type I as well, was confirmed using recombinant annexin V. A physiological role for annexin V interactions with extracellular collagen is consistent with the localization of annexin V on the outer cell surface of chondrocytes, microvilli of hypertrophic chondrocytes, fibroblasts and osteoblasts. A breakthrough in our understanding of the function of annexin V was made with the discovery of its calcium channel activity. At least one of several putative functions of annexin V became obvious from studies on matrix vesicles derived from calcifying cartilage. It was found that calcium uptake by matrix vesicles depend on collagen type II and type X binding to annexin V in the vesicles and was lost when collagens were digested with collagenase; calcium influx was reconstituted after adding back native collagen II or V. These findings indicate that annexin V plays a major role in matrix vesicle-initiated cartilage calcification as a collagen-regulated calcium channel.
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