Multi-tissue to whole plant metabolic modelling
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Genome-scale metabolic models have been successfully applied to study the metabolism of multiple plant species in the past decade. While most existing genome-scale modelling studies have focussed on studying the metabolic behaviour of individual plant metabolic systems, there is an increasing focus on combining models of multiple tissues or organs to produce multi-tissue models that allow the investigation of metabolic interactions between tissues and organs. Multi-tissue metabolic models were constructed for multiple plants including Arabidopsis, barley, soybean and Setaria. These models were applied to study various aspects of plant physiology including the division of labour between organs, source and sink tissue relationship, growth of different tissues and organs and charge and proton balancing. In this review, we outline the process of constructing multi-tissue genome-scale metabolic models, discuss the strengths and challenges in using multi-tissue models, review the current status of plant multi-tissue and whole plant metabolic models and explore the approaches for integrating genome-scale metabolic models into multi-scale plant models.
KeywordsMulti-tissue model Whole plant model Constraint-based model Genome-scale metabolic model Model integration Plant metabolic modelling
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