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Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

, Volume 74, Issue 21, pp 3955–3964 | Cite as

Melatonin, mitochondria and hypertension

  • Ovidiu C. Baltatu
  • Fernanda G. Amaral
  • Luciana A. Campos
  • Jose Cipolla-NetoEmail author
Multi-author review

Abstract

Melatonin, due to its multiple means and mechanisms of action, plays a fundamental role in the regulation of the organismal physiology by fine tunning several functions. The cardiovascular system is an important site of action as melatonin regulates blood pressure both by central and peripheral interventions, in addition to its relation with the renin–angiotensin system. Besides, the systemic management of several processes, melatonin acts on mitochondria regulation to maintain a healthy cardiovascular system. Hypertension affects target organs in different ways and cellular energy metabolism is frequently involved due to mitochondrial alterations that include a rise in reactive oxygen species production and an ATP synthesis decrease. The discussion that follows shows the role played by melatonin in the regulation of mitochondrial physiology in several levels of the cardiovascular system, including brain, heart, kidney, blood vessels and, particularly, regulating the renin–angiotensin system. This discussion shows the putative importance of using melatonin as a therapeutic tool involving its antioxidant potential and its action on mitochondrial physiology in the cardiovascular system.

Keywords

Melatonin Mitochondria Cardiovascular system Blood pressure Hypertension 

Notes

Acknowledgements

FAPESP (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo) grant 2014/50457-0 to JCN. Cnpq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico) Grant 446888/2014-1 to FGA.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ovidiu C. Baltatu
    • 3
  • Fernanda G. Amaral
    • 2
  • Luciana A. Campos
    • 3
  • Jose Cipolla-Neto
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyInstitute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of PhysiologyFederal University of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Center of Innovation, Technology and Education (CITE) at Anhembi Morumbi University-Laureate International UniversitiesSão José dos CamposBrazil

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