Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

, Volume 73, Issue 4, pp 797–810 | Cite as

Hormonal control of cold stress responses in plants

  • Marina Eremina
  • Wilfried Rozhon
  • Brigitte Poppenberger
Review

Abstract

Cold stress responses in plants are highly sophisticated events that alter the biochemical composition of cells for protection from damage caused by low temperatures. In addition, cold stress has a profound impact on plant morphologies, causing growth repression and reduced yields. Complex signalling cascades are utilised to induce changes in cold-responsive gene expression that enable plants to withstand chilling or even freezing temperatures. These cascades are governed by the activity of plant hormones, and recent research has provided a better understanding of how cold stress responses are integrated with developmental pathways that modulate growth and initiate other events that increase cold tolerance. Information on the hormonal control of cold stress signalling is summarised to highlight the significant progress that has been made and indicate gaps that still exist in our understanding.

Keywords

Abiotic stress Freezing tolerance Hormones Plant 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscisic acid

ACC

1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid

ACO

ACC oxidase

ACS

ACC synthase

AHK

Arabidopsis histidine kinase

AHP

Histidine phosphotransfer protein

AOPP

l-α-Aminooxy-β-phenylpropionic acid

ARR

Arabidopsis response regulator

AVG

2-Aminoethoxyvinyl glycine

BES1

BRI1-EMS-suppressor 1

BRI1

Brassinosteroid insensitive 1

BRs

Brassinosteroids

BZR1

Brassinazole-resistant 1

CAMTA

Calmodulin-binding transcription activator

CAS

Cold-acclimation-specific

CBF

C-repeat binding factor

CK

Cytokinins

COI1

Coronatine insensitive 1

COR

Cold regulated

CPD

Constitutive photomorphogenesis and dwarfism

CPKs

Calcium-dependent protein kinases

CPR1

Constitutive expression of PR genes

CRT/DRE

C-repeat/dehydration-responsive element

CTR1

Constitutive triple response 1

DREB

Drought-responsive element-binding protein

DWF4

Dwarf 4

EDS5

Enhanced disease susceptibility 5

EIL1

EIN3-like 1

EIN2

Ethylene-insensitive 2

EIN3

Ethylene-insensitive 3

ENO2

Enolase 2

ETR1

Ethylene-responsive 1

GAI

Gibberellic acid insensitive

GAs

Gibberellins

GID1

GA-insensitive dwarf 1

GNC

Gata, nitrate-inducible, carbon-metabolism involved

GNL

GNC-like

HHP

Heptahelical protein

HR

Hypersensitive response

IAA

Indole acetic acid

IBA

Indole butyric acid

ICE1

Inducer of cbf expression 1

ICS

Isochorismate synthase

JA

Jasmonic acid

JAZ

Jasmonate zim domain

KIN

Cold induced

LOS2/AtMBP-1

Low expression of osmotically responsive genes 2/Arabidopsis thaliana c-MYC binding protein

MAPKs

Mitogen-activated protein kinases

OST1

Open stomata 1

PAL

Phenylalanine-ammonia-lyase

PIF

Phytochrome-interacting factor

PIN

PIN-formed

RGA

Repressor of gai

RGL

RGA-like

SA

Salicylic acid

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marina Eremina
    • 1
  • Wilfried Rozhon
    • 1
  • Brigitte Poppenberger
    • 1
  1. 1.Biotechnology of Horticultural Crops, TUM School of Life Sciences WeihenstephanTechnische Universität MünchenFreisingGermany

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