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Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

, Volume 71, Issue 20, pp 3903–3916 | Cite as

Macromolecular complexes at active zones: integrated nano-machineries for neurotransmitter release

  • John Jia En ChuaEmail author
Review

Abstract

The release of neurotransmitters from synaptic vesicles exocytosing at presynaptic nerve terminals is a critical event in the initiation of synaptic transmission. This event occurs at specialized sites known as active zones. The task of faithfully executing various steps in the process is undertaken by careful orchestration of overlapping sets of molecular nano-machineries upon a core macromolecular scaffold situated at active zones. However, their composition remains incompletely elucidated. This review provides an overview of the role of the active zone in mediating neurotransmitter release and summarizes the recent progress using neuroproteomic approaches to decipher their composition. Key proteins of these nano-machineries are highlighted.

Keywords

Synaptic transmission Presynaptic nerve terminal Active zone Presynaptic proteins Neuroproteomics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author is indebted to Reinhard Jahn for the many stimulating discussions and critical comments to the manuscript. Research from the group is supported by funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme under grant agreement no. HEALTH-F2-2009-241498 (‘EUROSPIN’) and from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (grant no. CH 1385/1-1).

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© Springer Basel 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurobiologyMax-Planck-Institute for Biophysical ChemistryGöttingenGermany

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