Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

, Volume 69, Issue 20, pp 3395–3418 | Cite as

Type I IFN-mediated regulation of IL-1 production in inflammatory disorders

  • Kristina Ludigs
  • Valeriy Parfenov
  • Renaud A. Du Pasquier
  • Greta Guarda


Although contributing to inflammatory responses and to the development of certain autoimmune pathologies, type I interferons (IFNs) are used for the treatment of viral, malignant, and even inflammatory diseases. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a strongly pyrogenic cytokine and its importance in the development of several inflammatory diseases is clearly established. While the therapeutic use of IL-1 blocking agents is particularly successful in the treatment of innate-driven inflammatory disorders, IFN treatment has mostly been appreciated in the management of multiple sclerosis. Interestingly, type I IFNs exert multifaceted immunomodulatory effects, including the reduction of IL-1 production, an outcome that could contribute to its efficacy in the treatment of inflammatory diseases. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge on IL-1 and IFN effects in different inflammatory disorders, the influence of IFNs on IL-1 production, and discuss possible therapeutic avenues based on these observations.


Type I IFN IL-1 Inflammasome Inflammatory disorders Autoimmunity Multiple sclerosis Anti-IL-1 therapy 



We thank F. Staehli and K. Maslowski, UNIL, Lausanne, for critical reading of the manuscript. Studies in the laboratory of Jürg Tschopp are funded by grants of the Swiss National Science Foundation, the EU Apo-Sys program, the Institute of Arthritis Research and the Louis-Jeantet Foundation.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristina Ludigs
    • 1
  • Valeriy Parfenov
    • 2
  • Renaud A. Du Pasquier
    • 2
  • Greta Guarda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of LausanneEpalingesSwitzerland
  2. 2.Service of Neurology, Department of Clinical Neurosciences and Service of ImmunologyUniversity Hospital of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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