Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

, Volume 68, Issue 8, pp 1341–1351

Function and evolution of nodulation genes in legumes

Multi-author review


Root nodule (RN) symbiosis has a unique feature in which symbiotic bacteria fix atmospheric nitrogen. The symbiosis is established with a limited species of land plants, including legumes. How RN symbiosis evolved is still a mystery, but recent findings on legumes genes that are necessary for RN symbiosis may give us a clue.


Root nodule symbiosis Arbuscular mycorrhiza symbiosis Actinorhiza symbiosis Legumes Lotus japonicus Medicago truncatula Nitrogen fixation Infection threads 

Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Agrobiological SciencesTsukubaJapan

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