A cold-active salmon goose-type lysozyme with high heat tolerance
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The Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) goose-type lysozyme gene was isolated and revealed alternative splicing within exon 2 affecting the signal peptide-encoding region. The lysozyme was produced in Escherichia coli, and the recombinant enzyme showed a high specific lytic activity that was stimulated by low or moderate concentrations of mono- or divalent cations. Relative lytic activities of 70 and 100% were measured at 4°C and 22°C, respectively, and there was no detectable activity at 60°C. However, 30% activity was retained after heating the enzyme for 3 h at 90°C. This unique combination of thermal properties was surprising since the salmon goose-type lysozyme contains no cysteines for protein structure stabilization through disulphide bond formation. The results point to a rapid reversal of inactivation, probably due to instant protein refolding.
Keywords.Atlantic salmon immunity lysozyme goose-type gene protein cold-active thermal tolerance
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