Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS

, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp 410–416 | Cite as

Roles of Bacillus endospores in the environment

  • W. L. Nicholson


The occurrence and diverse roles of Bacillus spp. and their endospores in the environment is reviewed, with particular emphasis on soil ecology, host-symbiont and host-parasite interactions, and human exploitation of spores as biological control agents and probiotics.

Key words.Bacillus spp.; ecology; endospore; environment; pathogenesis; symbiosis. 


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. L. Nicholson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Science and Microbiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (USA), Fax +1 520 621 6366, e-mail: WLN@u.arizona.eduUS

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