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Physics in Perspective

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 151–179 | Cite as

The Four Lives of a Nuclear Accelerator

  • Michael Wiescher
Article

Abstract

Electrostatic accelerators have emerged as a major tool in research and industry in the second half of the twentieth century. In particular in low energy nuclear physics they have been essential for addressing a number of critical research questions from nuclear structure to nuclear astrophysics. This article describes this development on the example of a single machine which has been used for nearly sixty years at the forefront of scientific research in nuclear physics. The article summarizes the concept of electrostatic accelerators and outlines how this accelerator developed from a bare support function to an independent research tool that has been utilized in different research environments and institutions and now looks forward to a new life as part of the experiment CASPAR at the 4,850” level of the Sanford Underground Research Facility.

Keywords

accelerator nuclear structure nuclear astrophysics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is dedicated to Ted Litherland and Dick Azuma as early pioneers of experimental nuclear physics and nuclear astrophysics. Many people have contributed by email and discussion to compile the information presented here. I particularly want to thank Alfredo Galindo Uribarri from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Joachim Görres from the University of Notre Dame, John Hardy from Texas A&M University, Gianluca Imbriani from the University Federico II at Naples, Italy, Liam Kieser from the University of Ottawa, Henry Lee and Ted Litherland from the University of Toronto, Doug Milton from Chalk River, and Hanns-Peter Trautvetter from the University of Bochum, Germany. Special thanks deserve the technical staff and scientists, notably Charlie Finn from Toronto, Brad Mulder from Notre Dame and Dan Robertson from Notre Dame at SURF, who maintained the accelerator, dismantled, and reassembled it to keep it running, and prepare it for its new purpose underground. Finally, I also thank the US National Science Foundation and the Canadian National Research Council for the continuous support they have provided for nearly sixty years to fund the operation of the JN VdG accelerator.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA

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