Scientific Arkhangelsk and Pomorie: A Walk Through Centuries and Thousands of Miles
- 130 Downloads
Even by Russian standards, the country’s northwestern territories contouring the White and Barents seas are vast, remote, and sparsely populated. Yet for seven centuries that faraway province has served as a nursery of religious and intellectual freedom and as a primary entry point for Western civilization and trade, containing several scientific landmarks of interest to the physical tourist. This article is intended as a concise guide to the scientifically relevant attractions in the city of Arkhangelsk and in relatively “nearby” locations that can be reached within reasonable time and with reasonable convenience; these include Mikhail Lomonosov’s birthplace on Kholmogory and the Solovetsky islands. We will also briefly mention relevant facts for the somewhat more remote—but still within 1000 km—territories of Kola peninsula and the Novaya Zemlya islands.
KeywordsArkhangelsk Russian science Mikhail Lomonosov Solovetsky Monastery Kholmogory North Arctic Federal University Archbishop Afanasy Ivan Meshchersky Boris Rosing Arkhangelsk Scientific Center
We would like express our sincere gratitude to the Director of the NArFU Lomonosov Institute, Professor Tatiana Butorina, and Larissa Dernovoi and Olga Polyakova of the NArFU Museum for their assistance and advice, and Robert P. Crease for his excellent editorial work.
- 1.The story of an American scientist employing an X-ray medical unit at the time is masterfully told by Andrea Barrett in her novel Archangel (New York: Norton, 2013).Google Scholar
- 2.Boris Aleksandrovich Vorontsov-Vel’yaminov, Ocherki istorii astronomii v Rossii (Moscow: Gostechizdat, 1956).Google Scholar
- 3.V. D. Shiltsev, ”On a New Edition of the Collected Works of M. V. Lomonosov,” Physics-Uspekhithe 56 (2013), 738–743. More details on Lomonosov and his works can be found in Boris N. Menshutkin, Russia’s Lomonosov, Chemist, Courtier, Physicist, Poet (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1970); Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov on the Corpuscular Theory, trans. Henry M. Leicester (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970); Vladimir Shiltsev, ‘‘Mikhail Lomonosov and the Dawn of Russian Science,’’ Physics Today 65 (2) (2012), 40–46; and Robert P. Crease and Vladimir Shiltsev, “Pomor Polymath: The Upbringing of Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov, 1711–1730,” Physics in Perspective 15 (2013), 391–414.Google Scholar
- 4.Justin Sibircev. Morehodnaja shkola v Holmogorah v konce XVIII veka [Nautical School in Kholmogory in the Late XVIII Century] (Moscow: University Print House, 1899).Google Scholar
- 5.See P. Burcev, “Meshchersky’s Equations in the General Theory of Relativity,” Bulletin of the Astronomical Institutes of Czechoslovakia 14 (1963), 124–127.Google Scholar
- 6.Ivan V. Meshchersky, Collection of Problems in Theoretical Mechanics (New York: Dover, 1967).Google Scholar
- 7.Steven Otfinoski, Television (New York: Benchmark Books, 2006).Google Scholar
- 8.Albert Abramson, Zworykin: Pioneer of Television (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1995).Google Scholar
- 9.P. K. Gorokhov, B. L. Rozing: Osnovopolozhnik elektronnogo televidenija [B. L. Rosing: Pioneer of Electronic Television] (Moscow: Nauka, 1964).Google Scholar