Physics in Perspective

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 287–294 | Cite as

The Norwegian and the Englishman

  • Sidney BorowitzEmail author

I sketch the lives and work of the Norwegian physicist Kristian Birkeland (1867–1917) and the English mathematician Sydney Chapman (1888–1970), focusing particularly on Chapman’s controversy with Birkeland over the origin and development of auroras, a controversy that Chapman conducted with Birkeland for more than fifty years after Birkeland’s death.


Kristian Birkeland Sydney Chapman Samuel Eyde Norsk Hydro polar expedition auroras solar wind 


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Copyright information

© Birkhaueser 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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