Swiss Journal of Geosciences

, Volume 106, Issue 2, pp 371–395 | Cite as

Kimmeridgian (Late Jurassic) ostracods from Highway A16 (NW Switzerland): taxonomy, stratigraphy, ecology, and biogeography

  • Ulla Schudack
  • Michael Schudack
  • Daniel Marty
  • Gaël Comment
Article

Abstract

Ostracods are a common microfaunal element of the Kimmeridgian of the Jura Mountains in NW Switzerland. The stratigraphical subdivision within the Kimmeridgian can as clearly be inferred from ostracods as it is the case from the ammonite biozonation. This proves the utiliy of the ostracod biozonation, especially where ammonites are not available or rare. The ostracod-bearing layers of the sequence under study (middle part of the Reuchenette Formation = Banné Member, Courtedoux Member and Lower Virgula Marls) have been deposited in waters with highly brackish to marine salinities (high in the pliohaline range to—predominanttly—brachyhaline according to the Venice System, Oertli 1964). From the base of the section (base of the Banné Member, high brachyhaline in average), salinities slowly decreased, with lowest salinities in the lower dinosaur track levels of Courtedoux Member (high pliohaline on average). They then increased again to higher salinities (high brachyhaline on average) above the upper dinosaur track levels of the Courtedoux Member and the Lower Virgula Marls (lowermost A. eudoxus Zone). These trends perfectly correlate with the increased occurence of ammonites above the upper dinosaur track levels. In terms of Kimmeridgian ostracod palaeobiogeography, the fauna of the NW Swiss Jura Mountains described in this work is most similar to the Aquitan and Paris Basins, a little less to Northern Germany, and even less (with not even half of the species in common) to Southern Germany. The NW Swiss Jura Mountains still belong to a largely boreally influenced “Western and Central European subprovince”, whereas Southern Germany (though located more to the north) was subjected to an enhanced tethyan influence.

Keywords

Ostracoda Micropalaeontology Biostratigraphy Reuchenette Formation Banné Member Courtedoux Member Swiss Jura Mountains 

Abbreviations

MJSN

Musée jurassien des sciences naturelles, Porrentruy (Canton Jura, Switzerland)

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work results from collaboration between the Palaeontology A16 (Office de la culture, Canton du Jura, Switzerland) and the department of palaeontology of the Freie Universität Berlin (Germany). We are grateful to both institutions for enabling us to accomplish this work. The Palaeontology A16 is funded by the Swiss Federal Roads Authority (FEDRO 95 %) and the Canton Jura (RCJU 5 %). We also acknowledge the technical staff of the Palaeontology A16 for their careful work during the screen-washing of the samples and their patience whilst picking the ostracods studied here. Thanks also go to technical drawers of the Palaeontology A16 for their help with some of the Figures. The authors also acknowledge the invaluable reviews by Ekaterina Tesakova and Ian Wilkinson.

References

  1. Abbink, O., Targarona, J., Brinkhuis, H., & Visscher, H. (2001). Late Jurassic to earliest Cretaceous palaeoclimatic evolution of the southern North Sea. Global and Planetary Change, 30, 231–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ainsworth, N. R., O’Neill, M., & Rutherford, M. M. (1989). Jurassic and Upper Triassic biostratigraphy of the North Celtic Sea and Fastnet Basins. In D. Batten & M. C. Keen (Eds.), Northwest European micropalaeontology and palynology (pp. 1–44). New York: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  3. Alexander, C. I. (1929). Ostracoda of the Cretaceous of North Texas. University of Texas Bulletin, 2907, 2–137.Google Scholar
  4. Alexander, C. I. (1933). Shell structure of the ostracod genus Cytheropteron and fossil species from the Cretaceous of Texas. Journal of Palaeontology, 7, 181–214.Google Scholar
  5. Allenbach, R. (2001). Synsedimentary tectonics in an epicontinental sea: a new interpretation of the Oxfordian of northern Switzerland. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 94, 265–287.Google Scholar
  6. Anderson, F. W. (1941). Ostracoda from the Portland and Purbeck Beds at Swindon. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 51, 373–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Anderson, F.W. (1971). The Ostracods. In: Anderson, F.W. & Bazley, R.A.B., The Purbeck beds of the Weald (England), Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain (Vol. 34, pp. 27–133).Google Scholar
  8. Ayer, J., Becker, D., Billon-Bruyat, J.-P., Hug, W. A., & Marty, D. (2006). Ausgrabung und Analyse von Fossilien der Autobahn A16 (Les fossiles de la Transjurane (A16): de la fouille à l’interprétation). Schweizer Strahler (Le Cristallier Suisse), 4(2006), 10–18.Google Scholar
  9. Ayer, J., Comment, G., Adatte, T., Badertscher, C., Boll, S., Fürsich, F. T., Gretz, M., Hug, W.A. & Marty, D. (2008). Sedimentology and palaeoecology of the Banné Member (Late Jurassic, Kimmeridgian): new data from excavations along the Transjurane highway (Canton Jura, Switzerland). Abstract Volume, 6th Swiss Geoscience meeting, Lugano, Switzerland, p. 115.Google Scholar
  10. Ayer, J., Hug, W. A., Becker, D., Billon-Bruyat, J.-P., & Marty, D. (2005). Les fouilles paléontologiques sur le futur tracé de la Transjurane (autoroute A16): bilan provisoire et perspectives après 5 années d’activité. GeoForum Aktuell, 4, 30–35.Google Scholar
  11. Baird, W. (1850). The Natural History of the British Entomostraca. London: Ray Society.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Barker, D. (1966). Ostracods from the Portland and Purbeck. Beds of the Aylesbury District. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History, 11, 459–487.Google Scholar
  13. Bassiouni, M. A. (1974). Paranocythere n.g. (Ostracoda) aus dem Zeitraum Oberjura bis Unterkreide (Kimmeridgium bis Albium) von Westeuropa. Geologisches Jahrbuch, A17, 3–111.Google Scholar
  14. Bate, R. H. (1969). Some Bathonian Ostracoda of England with a revision of the Jones 1884 and Jones and Sherborn collections. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Geology, 17, 379–437.Google Scholar
  15. Billon-Bruyat, J.-P. (2005a). First record of a non-pterodactyloid pterosaur (Reptilia: Archosauria) from Switzerland. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 98, 313–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Billon-Bruyat, J.-P. (2005b). A turtle “cemetery” from the Late Jurassic of Switzerland. Abstract Volume, Swiss Geoscience Meeting 2005, Zürich, p. 238.Google Scholar
  17. Billon-Bruyat, J.-P. & Marty, D. (2004). A new coastal reptilian fauna from the Kimmeridgian of northwestern Switzerland. 52nd Symposium of vertebrate palaeontology and comparative anatomy (Leicester, England), Abstract Volume, p. 8.Google Scholar
  18. Billon-Bruyat, J.-P., Marty, D., Bocat, L. & Paratte, G. (2012). Under the feet of sauropods: a trampled coastal marine turtle. Symposium on turtle evolution, 01.-04.06.2012, University of Tübingen, Germany, Abstract Volume, p. 10.Google Scholar
  19. Bläsi, H. (1980). Die Ablagerungsverhältnisse im “Portlandien des Schweizerischen und Französischen Juras. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Bern.Google Scholar
  20. Braillard, L. (2006). Morphogenèse des vallées sèches du Jura tabulaire d’Ajoie (Suisse): rôle de la fracturation et étude des remplissages quaternaires. PhD Thesis, University of Fribourg, GeoFocus, 14, 1–224.Google Scholar
  21. Caesar, S. (2012). Sedimentologie und Sequenzstratigraphie oberjurassischer Karbonate von Norddeutschland (Oxfordium/Kimmeridgium, Niedersächsisches Becken). Unpublished PhD. Thesis, University of Hamburg, Germany.Google Scholar
  22. Christensen, O. B. (1968). Some deposits and microfaunas from the Upper Jurassic in Scania. Sveriges Geologiske Undersøglse, 62, 3–46.Google Scholar
  23. Christensen, O. B., & Kilenyi, T. I. (1970). Ostracod Biostratigraphy of the Kimmeridgian in Northern and Western Europe. Geological Survey of Denmark, Series II, 95, 1–65.Google Scholar
  24. Colin, J.-P. & Lethiers, F. (1988). The importance of ostracods in biostratigraphic analysis. In: DeDecker, P., Colin, J.-P. & Peypouquet, J.-P. (Eds.). Ostracoda in the earth sciences (pp. 27–45). Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  25. Colombié, C. (2002). Sédimentologie, stratigraphie séquentielle et cyclostratigraphie du Kimméridgien du Jura suisse et du Bassin vocontien (France): relations plate-forme—bassin et facteurs déterminants. PhD Thesis, University of Fribourg, GeoFocus, 4, 1–198.Google Scholar
  26. Colombié, C., & Rameil, N. (2007). Tethyan-to-boreal correlation in the Kimmeridgian using high-resolution sequence stratigraphy (Vocontian Basin, Swiss Jura, Boulonnais, Dorset). International Journal of Earth Sciences, 96, 567–591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Colombié, C., & Strasser, A. (2005). Facies, cycles, and controls on the evolution of a keep-up carbonate platform (Kimmeridgian, Swiss Jura). Sedimentology, 52, 1207–1227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Comment, G. (2012). Ammonites découvertes par la Paléontologie A16 dans le cadre de la construction de l’autoroute A16 (Transjurane). Paléontologie A16 étude intermédiaire (Vol. 47). Porrentruy: Office de la culture.Google Scholar
  29. Comment, G., Ayer, J., & Becker, D. (2011). Deux nouveaux membres lithostratigraphiques de la Formation de Reuchenette (Kimméridgien, Ajoie, Jura suisse)—Nouvelles données géologiques et paléontologiques acquises dans le cadre de la construction de l’autoroute A16 (Transjurane). Swiss Bulletin for Applied Geology, 16, 3–24.Google Scholar
  30. Cox, B. M., Lott, G. K., Thomas, J. E., & Wilkinson, I. P. (1987). Upper Jurassic stratigraphy of four shallow cored boreholes in the UK sector of the Southern North Sea Basin. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 46, 99–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. De Dekker, P., Chivas, A. R., Shelley, J. M. G., & Torgersen, T. (1988). Ostracod shell chemistry: a new palaeoenvironmental indicator applied to a regressive/transgressive record from the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 66, 231–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Dépêche, F. (1985). Lias superieur, Dogger, Malm. In: Oertli, H.J. (Ed.), Atlas des Ostracodes de France. Bulletin des Centres de Recherche: Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine (Vol. 9 pp. 119–145).Google Scholar
  33. Dercourt, J., Fourcade, E., Cecca, F., Azéma, J., Enay, R., Bassoullet, J.-P., et al. (1994). Palaeoenvironment of the Jurassic system in the Western and Central Tethys (Toarcian, Callovian, Kimmeridgian, Tithonian): an overview. Géobios, M.S., 17, 625–644.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Giamboni, M., Ustaszewski, K., Schmid, S. M., Schumacher, M. E., & Wetzel, A. (2004). Plio-Pleistocene transpressional reactivation of Paleozoic and Paleogene structures in the Rhine-Bresse transform zone (northern Switzerland and eastern France). International Journal of Earth Sciences, 93, 207–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Glashoff, H. (1964). Ostracoden-Faunen und Paläogeographie im Oxford NW-Europas. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 38, 28–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Gründel, J. (1966). Taxionomische, biostratigraphische und variationsstatistische Untersuchungen an den Ostracoden der Unterkreide in Deutschland. Freiberger Forschungshefte, C 200, 1–105.Google Scholar
  37. Gründel, J. (1974). Zur Entwicklung der Trachyleberididae (Ostracoda) in der Unterkreide und in der tiefen Oberkreide. Teil II: Phylogenie. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften, 2, 61–71.Google Scholar
  38. Gründel, J. (1976). Zur Taxonomie und Phylogenie der Cytherurinae G. W. Müller, 1896 (Cytherocopina, Ostracoda) im Zeitraum höhere Trias bis Unterkreide. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften, 4, 1531–1541.Google Scholar
  39. Gygi, R. A. (1990). Die Paläogeographie im Oxfordium und frühesten Kimmeridgium in der Nordschweiz. Jahrbuch des Geologischen Landesamt Baden-Würtemberg, 32, 207–222.Google Scholar
  40. Gygi, R. A. (1995). Datierung von Seichtwassersedimenten des späten Jura in der Nordwestschweiz mit Ammoniten. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 88, 1–58.Google Scholar
  41. Gygi, R. A. (2000a). Integrated stratigraphy of the Oxfordian and Kimmeridgian (Late Jurassic) in Northern Switzerland and adjacent southern Germany. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Akademie der Naturwissenschaften, 104, 1–151.Google Scholar
  42. Gygi, R. A. (2000b). Annotated index of lithostratigraphic units currently used in the Upper Jurassic of northern Switzerland. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 93, 125–146.Google Scholar
  43. Gygi, R. A. (2001). Perisphinctacean ammonites of the type Transversarium Zone (Middle Oxfordian, Late Jurassic) in northern Switzerland. Memoires Suisses de Paléontologie, 122, 1–170.Google Scholar
  44. Gygi, R. A. (2003). Perisphinctacean ammonites of the Late Jurassic in northern Switzerland. A versatile tool to investigate the sedinetary geology of an epicontinental sea. Memoires Suisses de Paléontologie, 123, 1–232.Google Scholar
  45. Gygi, R. A. (2012). Quantitative geology of Late Jurassic epicontinental sediments in the Jura Mountains of Switzerland. Basel: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Hallam, A. (1985). A review of Mesozoic climates. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 142, 433–445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Hallam, A. (2001). A review of the broad pattern of Jurassic sea-level changes and their possible causes in the light of current knowledge. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 167, 23–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Hantzpergue, P. (1975). Le Kimméridgien à Céphalopodes du Jura méridional, Stratigraphie et Paléontologie. Unpublished PhD Thesis, no. 459, University of Lyon, France.Google Scholar
  49. Hantzpergue, P., Atrops, F. & Enay, R. (1997). Biozonations; Kimméridgien. In: Cariou, E. & Hantzpergue, P. (Eds.), Biostratigraphie du Jurassique ouest-européen et méditerranéen, Bulletin des Centres de Recherches Exploration-Production Elf Aquitaine, Mémoire (Vol. 17 pp. 87–96, 148–151).Google Scholar
  50. Hardenbol, J., Thierry, J., Farley, M. B., Jacquin, T., de Graciansky, P.-C., & Vail, P. R. (1998). Jurassic chronostratigraphy. In P.-C. de Graciansky, J. Hardenbohl, T. Jacquin, & P. R. Vail (Eds.), Mesozoic and Cenozoic Sequence Stratigraphy of European Basins (p. 60). Tulsa: SEPM Special Publication.Google Scholar
  51. Hicks, S. (2006). Palökologie des Makrobenthos aus dem oberen Jura (Kimmeridge) im Kanton Jura, Nordschweiz. Unpublished Master Thesis, Institut für Paläontologie, Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universität, Würzburg, Germany.Google Scholar
  52. Hillgärtner, H. (1999). The evolution of the French Jura platform during the Late Berriasian to Early Valanginian: controlling factors and timing. PhD Thesis, University of Fribourg, GeoFocus, 1, 1–203.Google Scholar
  53. Hug, W.A. (2003). Sequenzielle Faziesentwicklung der Karbonatplattform des Schweizer Jura im Späten Oxford und frühesten Kimmeridge. PhD Thesis, University of Fribourg, GeoFocus, 7, 1–156.Google Scholar
  54. Hug, W.A., Becker, D., Marty, D. & Oriet, A. (2004). La Section de paléontologie de la République et Canton du Jura: une brève présentation. Actes 2003 de la Société Jurassienne d’Émulation, 9–26.Google Scholar
  55. Ioannides, N. S., Colin, J.-P., & du Chene, R. (1988). A preliminary investigation of Kimmeridgian dinoflagellates and ostracodes from Quercy, Southwest France. Bulletin Centre Recherches et Exploration Elf Aquitaine, 12, 471–491.Google Scholar
  56. Jank, M., Meyer, C. A., & Wetzel, A. (2006a). Late Oxfordian to Late Kimmeridgian carbonate deposits of NW Switzerland (Swiss Jura): Stratigraphical and palaeogeographical implications in the transition area between the Paris Basin and the Tethys. Sedimentary Geology, 138, 237–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Jank, M., Wetzel, A., & Meyer, C. A. (2006b). A calibrated composite section for the Late Jurassic Reuchenette Formation in northwestern Switzerland (?Oxfordian, Kimmeridgian sensu gallico, Ajoie-Region). Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 99, 175–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Jank, M., Wetzel, A., & Meyer, C. A. (2006c). Late Jurassic sea-level fluctuations in NW Switzerland (Late Oxfordian to Late Kimmeridgian): closing the gap between the Boreal and Tethyan realm in Western Europe. Facies, 52, 487–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Jones, T.R. (1849). A monograph of the Entomostraca of the Cretaceaus Formation of England. Annual Volumes (Monographs) of the Palaeontological Society, 3(I) I–IV, 1–40.Google Scholar
  60. Jordan, P., Wetzel, A. & Reisdorf, A. (2008). Swiss Jura Mountains. In: Pieńkowski, G. & Schudack, M. (coordinators), Jurassic. McCann, T. (Ed.). The Geology of Central Europe (Vol. 2 pp. 823–923). Mesozoic and Cenozoic, Geological Society, London.Google Scholar
  61. Kilenyi, T. (1969). The ostracods of the Dorset Kimmeridge Clay. Palaeontology, 12(1), 112–160.Google Scholar
  62. Kilenyi, T. (1978). The Jurassic, Part III, Callovian-Portlandian. In R. H. Bate & E. Robinson (Eds.), A stratigraphical index of British Ostracoda (pp. 259–298). Liverpool: Seel House Press.Google Scholar
  63. Klingler, W. (1955). Mikrofaunistische und stratigraphisch-fazielle Untersuchungen im Kimmeridge und Portland des Weser-Aller-Gebietes. Geologisches Jahrbuch, 70, 167–246.Google Scholar
  64. Klingler, W., Malz, H., & Martin, G. P. R. (1962). Malm Norddeutschlands. In Arbeitskreis Deutscher Mikropaläontologen (Ed.), Leitfossilien der Mikropaläontologie. Berlin: Borntraeger Verlag.Google Scholar
  65. Latreille, P.A. (1802). Histoire de Cypris et des cythèrees. In: Histoire naturelle génerale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes (Vol. 4 pp. 232–254).Google Scholar
  66. Luebimova, P.S. (1959). A new genus of the family Cyprididae W. BAIRD, 1845. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Neftyanogo Nauchno-IssledovatskogoGeologorazvedochnogo Instituta (VNIGRI) Novaya Serya, 136, 390–392.Google Scholar
  67. Malz, H. (1958). Die Gattung Macrodentina und einige andere Ostracoden- Arten aus dem Oberen Jura von NW-Deutschland, England und Frankreich. Abhandlungen der Senkenbergianischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 497, 1–67.Google Scholar
  68. Malz, H. (1966). Rectocythere rugosa, eine neue Ostracoden-Art aus dem französischen Portlandian. Senckenbergiana Lethaea, 47, 405–409.Google Scholar
  69. Mandelstam, M.I. (1960). In: Luebimova, P.S., Kazmina, T.A. & Reshetnikova, M.A. (Eds), Ostracoda from Mesozoic and Cenozoic deposits of the West-Siberian Lowland. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Neftyanogo Nauchno-Issledovatskogo Geologorazvedochnogo Instituta (VNIGRI) Novaya Serya (Vol. 160).Google Scholar
  70. Martin, G. P. R. (1940). Ostracoden des norddeutschen Purbeck und Wealden. Senckenbergiana, 22, 275–361.Google Scholar
  71. Marty, D. (2008). Sedimentology, taphonomy, and ichnology of Late Jurassic dinosaur tracks from the Jura carbonate platform (Chevenez—Combe Ronde tracksite, NW Switzerland): insights into the tidal-flat palaeoenvironment and dinosaur diversity, locomotion, and palaeoecology. PhD Thesis, University of Fribourg, GeoFocus, 21, 1–278.Google Scholar
  72. Marty, D., Ayer, J., Becker, D., Berger, J.-P., Billon-Bruyat, J.-P., Braillard, L., et al. (2007). Late Jurassic dinosaur tracksites of the Transjurane highway (Canton Jura, NW Switzerland): overview and measures for their protection and valorization. Bulletin for Applied Geology, 12, 75–89.Google Scholar
  73. Marty, D., Belvedere, M., Meyer, C. A., Mietto, P., Paratte, G., Lovis, C., et al. (2010). Comparative analysis of Late Jurassic sauropod trackways from the Jura Mountains (NW Switzerland) and the central High Atlas Mountains (Morocco): implications for sauropod ichnotaxonomy. Historical Biology, 22, 109–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Marty, D., Cavin, L., Hug, W. A., Jordan, P., Lockley, M. G., & Meyer, C. A. (2004). The protection, conservation and sustainable use of the Courtedoux dinosaur tracksite, Canton Jura, Switzerland. Revue de Paléobiologie Special Volume, 9, 39–49.Google Scholar
  75. Marty, D., Cavin, L., Hug, W.A., Lovis, C. & Braillard, L. (2003b). Le Secondaire (Mésozoïque) du Jura le long de la Transjurane avec recherche approfondie sur le site de Courtedoux—Sur Combe Ronde. Rapport d’activités 2002. Paléontologie et Transjurane 3, Annual report of the Section d’archéoloie et paléontologie, Office de la culture, Porrentruy, Switzerland, 1–52.Google Scholar
  76. Marty, D., Cavin, L., Hug, W. A., Meyer, C. A., Lockley, M. G., & Iberg, A. (2003a). Preliminary report on the Courtedoux dinosaur tracksite from the Kimmeridgian of Switzerland. Ichnos, 10, 209–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Meyer, R. F. K., & Schmidt-Kaler, H. (1989). Paläogeographischer Atlas des süddeutschen Oberjura (Malm). Geologisches Jahrbuch, A115, 77.Google Scholar
  78. Moore, G. T., Hayashida, D. N., Ross, C. A., Jacobson, S. R., et al. (1992). Paleoclimate of the Kimmeridgian/Tithonian (Late Jurassic) world: I. Results using a general circulation model. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 93, 113–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Mouchet, P. (1998). Stratigraphy and mineralostratigraphy of the Kimmeridgian in the central Jura Mountains of Switzerland and eastern France. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 91, 53–68.Google Scholar
  80. Müller, G. W. (1894). Die Ostracoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. Fauna und Flora des Golfes von Neapel, 21, 1–399.Google Scholar
  81. Neale, J.W. (1964). Some factors influencing the distribution of recent British ostracoda. In: Puri, H.S. (Ed.), Ostracods as ecological and paleoecological indicators. Pubblicasioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli (Vol. 33 pp. 247–307).Google Scholar
  82. Neale, J. W. (1988). Ostracods and palaeosalinity reconstruction. In P. DeDecker, J.-P. Colin, & J.-P. Peypouquet (Eds.), Ostracoda in the earth sciences. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  83. Oertli, H. J. (1957). Ostracodes du Jurassique supérieur du Bassin de Paris (Sondage Vernon 1). Revue de l’Institut Francais du Pétrole, 12, 647–695.Google Scholar
  84. Oertli, H. J. (1959). Malm-Ostrakoden aus dem schweizerischen Juragebirge. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 83, 1–44.Google Scholar
  85. Oertli, H. J. (1963). Ostracodes du “Purbeckien” du Bassin Parisien. Revue de l′Institut Francais du Pétrole, 18, 5–38.Google Scholar
  86. Oertli, H. J. (1964). The Venice System for the classification of marine waters according to salinity. Pubblicasioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli, 33, 611–612.Google Scholar
  87. Oertli, H. J., Loot, O. R., & Youngaer, V. B. (1961). Boron toxicity in several turfgrass species. Agronomical Journal, 53, 262–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Oertli, H. J., & Ziegler, M. (1958). Présence d’un Séquanien lacustre dans la région de Pontarlier (Département du Doubs). Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 51, 385–390.Google Scholar
  89. Ogg, J. G., Hinnov, L. A., & Huang, C. (2012). Chapter 26—Jurassic. In F. M. Gradstein, J. G. Ogg, M. Schmitz, & G. Ogg (Eds.), The geologic time scale 2012 2-volume set. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  90. Philippe, M., Billon-Bruyat, J.-P., Garcia-Ramos, J. C., Bocat, L., Gomez, B., & Piñuela, L. (2010). New occurrences of the wood Protocupressinoxylon purbeckensis Francis: implications for terrestrial biomes in southwestern Europe at the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary. Palaeontology, 53, 201–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Pittet, B. (1996). Contrôles climatiques, eustatiques et tectoniques sur des systèmes mixtes carbonates-siliciclastiques de plate-forme: exemple de l’Oxfordien (Jura Suisse, Normandie, Espagne). Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Fribourg.Google Scholar
  92. Rees, P. Mc., Noto, C. R., Parrish, J. M., & Parrish, J. T. (2004). Late Jurassic climates, vegetation, and dinosaur distributions. Journal of Geology, 112, 643–653.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Richardt, F. (2006). Paläoökologische Analyse einer oberjurassischen Mergelfolge im Gebiet von Porrentruy, NW-Schweiz. Unpublished Master Thesis, Institut für Paläontologie, Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universität, Würzburg, Germany.Google Scholar
  94. Sames, B. (2008). Application of Ostracoda and Charophyta from the Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous Tendaguru Formation at Tendaguru, Tanzania (East Africa)—Biostratigraphy, palaeobiogeography and palaeoecology. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 264, 213–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Sars, G. O. (1866). Oversigt av Norges marine Ostracoder. Forhandlinger I Videnskabs-Selskabet I Christiana, 1865, 1–130.Google Scholar
  96. Sars, G. O. (1925). An account of the Crustacea of Norway with short descriptions and figures of all the species (Vol. II, pp. 3–10). Bergen: Isopoda.Google Scholar
  97. Schmidt, G. (1954). Stratigraphisch wichtige Ostracoden im “Kimmeridge” und tiefsten “Portland” NW-Deutschlands. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 28, 81–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Schudack, U. (1994). Revision, Dokumentation und Stratigraphie der Ostracoden des nordwestdeutschen Oberjura und Unter-Berriasium. Berliner geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, (E), 11, 1–193.Google Scholar
  99. Schudack, M. (1999). Ostracoda (marine/nonmarine) and paleoclimate history in the late Jurassic of Central Europe and North America. Marine Micropaleontology, 37, 273–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Schudack, U. (2004). Revidierte Systematik der Ostracoden im Oberjura und der basalen Kreide Ostdeutschlands. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 78, 433–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Schudack, M., & Schudack, U. (1995). Late Jurassic and Berriasian ostracod biogeography in northwestern and Central Europe. In J. Riha (Ed.), Ostracoda and biostratigraphy, Proceedings of the 12 th International Symposium on Ostracoda, Prague (Vol. 1994, pp. 99–109). Rotterdam: Balkema.Google Scholar
  102. Schudack, M., & Schudack, U. (1997). Biostratigraphische und biogeographische Beziehungen der süddeutschen Oberjura-Ostracoden: Parallelen zu paläogeographischen und paläoklimatischen Entwicklungen. Geologische Blätter Nordost-Bayern, 47, 99–116.Google Scholar
  103. Schudack, U., & Schudack, M. (2000). Ostracoda from the Upper Jurassic (Oxfordian-Tithonian) of Southern Germany. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 19, 97–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Schudack, U., & Schudack, M. E. (2002). New biostratigraphical data for the Upper Jurassic of Asturias (Northern Spain) based on Ostracoda. Revista Espanola de Micropaleontologica, 34, 1–18.Google Scholar
  105. Sohn, I. G. (1951). Check list of salinity tolerance of Post-Palaeozoic fossil ostracoda. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 41, 64–66.Google Scholar
  106. Stampfli, G. M., & Borel, G. D. (2002). A plate tectonic model for the Palaeozoic and Mesozoic constrained by dynamic plate boundaries and restored synthetic oceanic isochrones. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 196, 17–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Steghaus, H. (1951). Ostracoden als Leitfossilien im Kimmeridge der Ölfelder Wietze und Fuhrberg nördlich Hannover. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 24, 201–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Stinder, T. (1991). Mikropaläontologie und Biostratigraphie des Unteren Malm (Korallenoolith) im Wesergebirge (Norddeutschland). Bochumer Geologische und Geotechnische Arbeiten, 35, 1–319.Google Scholar
  109. Strasser, A. (2007). Astronomical time scale for the Middle Oxfordian to Late Kimmeridgian in the Swiss and French Jura Mountains. Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 100, 407–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Swartz, F. M., & Swain, F. M. (1946). Ostracoda from the Upper Jurassic Cotton Valley group of Louisiana and Arkansas. Journal of Paleontology, 20, 362–373.Google Scholar
  111. Sylvester-Bradley, P. C. (1948). The ostracode genus Cythereis. Journal of Paleontology, 22, 792–797.Google Scholar
  112. Sylvester-Bradley, P. C. (1956). The structure, evolution and nomenclature of the ostracod hinge. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History and Geology, 3, 3–21.Google Scholar
  113. Thalmann, H. K. (1966). Zur Stratigraphie des oberen Malm im südlichen Berner und Solothurner Jura. Mitteilungen der naturforschenden Gesellschaft Solothurn, 22, 4–125.Google Scholar
  114. Thierry, J. (2000). Early Kimmeridgian. In: Dercourt, J., Gaetani, M., Vrielvynck, B. et al (Eds.), Atlas Peri-Tethys, Palaeogeographical mapsExplanatory Notes (pp. 85–97).Google Scholar
  115. Thierry, J. et al. 2000: Map 10: Early Kimmeridgian (146–144 Ma). In: Dercourt, J., Gaetani, M., Vrielvynck, B., Barrier, E., Biju-Duval, B., Brunet, M.F., Cadet, J.P., Crasquin, S. & Sandulescu, M. (Eds.), Atlas Peri-Tethys, Paris, palaeogeographical map.Google Scholar
  116. Triebel, E. (1941). Zur Morphologie und Ökologie der fossilen Ostracoden. Senckenbergiana Lethaea, 23, 294–400.Google Scholar
  117. Triebel, E. (1951). Einige stratigraphisch wertvolle Ostracoden aus dem höheren Dogger Deutschlands. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergianischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 485, 87–101.Google Scholar
  118. Triebel, E. (1954). Malm-Ostracoden mit amphidontem Schloß. Senckenbergiana Lethaea, 35, 3–16.Google Scholar
  119. Trümpy, R. (1980). Geology of Switzerland—a guide book. Part A: an outline of the geology of Switzerland. Basel: Wepf & Co Publishers.Google Scholar
  120. Ustaszewski, K., Schumacher, M. E., & Schmid, S. M. (2005). Simultaneous normal faulting and extensional flexuring during rifting—an example from the southernmost Upper Rhine Graben. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 94, 680–696.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Waite, R., Wetzel, A., Meyer, C. A., & Strasser, A. (2008). The paleoecological significance of nerineoid mass accumulations from the Kimmeridgian of the Swiss Jura Mountains. Palaios, 23, 548–558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Weiss, M. (1995). Stratigraphie und Microfauna im Kimmeridge SE-Niedersachsens unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Ostracoden. Unoublished PhD Thesis, Technische Universität Clausthal, Clausthal, Germany.Google Scholar
  123. Weissert, H., & Mohr, H. (1996). Late Jurassic climate and its impact on carbon cycling. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 122, 27–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Wetzel, A., Allenbach, R., & Allia, V. (2003). Reactivated basement structures affecting the sedimentary facies in a tectonically “quiescent” epicontinental bas, an example from NW Switzerland. Sedimentary Geology, 157, 153–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Wilkinson, I. P. (1983). Kimmeridge Clay Ostracoda of the North Wootton Borehole, Norfolk, England. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 6, 111–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Wilkinson, I.P. & Whatley, R.C. (2009). Upper Jurassic (Callovian to Portlandian). In: J.E. Whittaker, J.E. & Hart, M.B. (Eds.), Ostracods in British Stratigraphy (pp. 241–288). London:The Geological Society.Google Scholar
  127. Zeiss, A. (2003). The Upper Jurassic of Europe: its subdivision and correlation. Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Bulletin, 1, 75–114.Google Scholar
  128. Ziegler, P. A. (1988). Evolution of the Arctic—North Atlantic and the Western Tethys (Vol. 43). Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Swiss Geological Society 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulla Schudack
    • 1
  • Michael Schudack
    • 1
  • Daniel Marty
    • 2
  • Gaël Comment
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Geologische Wissenschaften, Freie Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Office de la culture, Section d’archéologie et paléontologie, Paléontologie A16Porrentruy 2Switzerland

Personalised recommendations