Swiss Journal of Geosciences

, Volume 106, Issue 1, pp 109–118 | Cite as

Bathonian (Middle Jurassic) crinoids of the Hidas Valley (Mecsek Mountains, S Hungary) and their biogeographic significance

  • Krystian Konieczyński
  • Andrzej Pisera
  • Maria Aleksandra Bitner
  • Andras Galácz
Article

Abstract

The Bathonian crinoid fauna that occurs in red nodular limestone and argillaceous limestones from the Hidas Valley, Mecsek Mts (southern Hungary) consists of three isocrinid and six cyrtocrinid species. Isocrinids are represented by Balanocrinus inornatus (d’Orbigny), B. berchteni Hess and Pugin and Balanocrinus sp. Cyrtocrinids are represented by Phyllocrinus stellaris Zaręczny, P. birkenmajeri Głuchowski, P. malbosianus d’Orbigny, Apsidocrinus sp., Lonchocrinus sp., and the new species Psalidocrinus hidasinus sp. nov. This last species is the earliest occurrence of the genus Psalidocrinus previously known from the Early Tithonian to Valanginian. This is the first crinoid fauna described from the Middle Jurassic (Bathonian) of Hungary. The co-occurrence of isocrinids and cyrtocrinids indicates an environment subject to weak currents. The stratigraphical and geographical distribution of the identified cyrtocrinid genera and species suggests a Tethyan origin and subsequent migration to the northern Tethyan shelf.

Keywords

Cyrtocrinida Isocrinida Middle Jurassic Taxonomy Palaeoecology Tethys Hungary 

Abbreviations

ZPAL Ca.8

Collection of the Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences

Hc

Total cup height

Hd

Aboral part height

Wc

Cup diameter

KD

Columnal diameter

KH

Columnal height

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Copyright information

© Swiss Geological Society 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krystian Konieczyński
    • 1
  • Andrzej Pisera
    • 1
  • Maria Aleksandra Bitner
    • 1
  • Andras Galácz
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of SciencesWarszawaPoland
  2. 2.Department of PalaeontologyEötvös Lorand UniversityBudapestHungary

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