Swiss Journal of Geosciences

, Volume 105, Issue 3, pp 417–434 | Cite as

A new mammalian fauna from the earliest Eocene (Ilerdian) of the Corbières (Southern France): palaeobiogeographical implications

  • Bernard Marandat
  • Sylvain Adnet
  • Laurent Marivaux
  • Alain Martinez
  • Monique Vianey-Liaud
  • Rodolphe Tabuce
Article

Abstract

A new mammal fauna from the earliest Eocene of Le Clot (Corbières, Southern France) is described. Some taxa identified there, such as Corbarimys hottingeri and Paschatherium plaziati, allow a correlation with the previously described Corbières fauna of Fordones. Moreover, the presence at Le Clot of Lessnessina praecipuus, which is defined in Palette (Provence, Southern France) allows correlating both localities. All three of these localities are referred to the MP7 reference level, even if a direct correlation with the type locality of MP7 (Dormaal, Belgium) is not ascertained. A Southern Europe biochronological sequence is proposed for the beginning of the Eocene: Silveirinha, Fordones/Palette/Le Clot, Rians/Fournes. The diagnosis of a new species of a neoplagiaulacid multituberculate (?Ectypodusriansensis nov. sp.) is proposed. From a compilation of data concerning the earliest Eocene faunas from both Northern Europe and Southern Europe, we conclude that two faunas corresponding to two distinct palaeobiogeographical provinces existed in Western Europe. This faunal disparity, probably related to climatic differences, makes correlations particularly difficult between the two provinces.

Keywords

Ypresian Europe Mammals Multituberculates Palaeoclimate Palaeobiogeography 

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Copyright information

© Swiss Geological Society 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard Marandat
    • 1
  • Sylvain Adnet
    • 1
  • Laurent Marivaux
    • 1
  • Alain Martinez
    • 2
  • Monique Vianey-Liaud
    • 1
  • Rodolphe Tabuce
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut des Sciences de l’Evolution, CNRS UMR5554MontpellierFrance
  2. 2.Chemin St EstèveLézignan-CorbièresFrance

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