Swiss Journal of Geosciences

, Volume 103, Issue 1, pp 121–128 | Cite as

Early Triassic (Late Griesbachian) gastropods from South China (Shanggan, Guangxi)

  • Andrzej Kaim
  • Alexander Nützel
  • Hugo Bucher
  • Thomas Brühwiler
  • Nicolas Goudemand


An Early Triassic (Griesbachian) gastropod fauna is reported from South China (Shanggan, Guangxi) and consists of four species: Bellerophon abrekensis, Wannerispira shangganensis Kaim & Nützel sp. nov., Naticopsis sp., and Palaeonarica guangxinensis Kaim & Nützel sp. nov. The taxon Wannerispira Kaim & Nützel nom. nov. replaces Pagodina Wanner non Van Beneden. This is the first report of Bellerophon abrekensis from China. Previously, it was only known from its type locality in Far East Russia. Wannerispira shangganensis sp. is the first certain Triassic report of the Permian subfamily Neilsoniinae and represents a holdover taxon. The neritimorph Palaeonarica is reported for the first time from the Early Triassic and this is the oldest occurrence of this genus. Compared with other Griesbachian gastropods, the present material is relatively well preserved so that the taxonomy rests on rather firm ground. Very few nominal taxa have been reported from the Griesbachian and therefore the present report presents substantial additional information about gastropods from the aftermath of the end-Permian mass extinction event. The gastropod association from Shanggan shares one species with Primorye, Far East Russia (B. abrekensis). Two species, W. shangganensis and P. guangxinensis, closely resemble specimens reported from the Griesbachian of Oman. This could suggest that Griesbachian gastropod faunas of the Tethys were rather homogenous although the data are still scarce.


Gastropoda China Early Triassic Extinction Recovery Taxonomy 



Thomas Galfetti (Zürich) and Kuang Guodun (Nanning) are thanked for assistance in the field. Alex Cook (Brisbane) and Jiri Frýda (Prague) are acknowledged for helpful peer reviews. The research of A. Kaim has been supported by the Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung. A. Nützel acknowledges funding by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (NU 96/6-1, 6-2). Fieldwork was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation project 200020-113554 (to H. Bucher). This work is a contribution to IGCP project 572 “Permian–Triassic Ecosystems”.


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Copyright information

© Swiss Geological Society 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrzej Kaim
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alexander Nützel
    • 1
  • Hugo Bucher
    • 3
  • Thomas Brühwiler
    • 3
  • Nicolas Goudemand
    • 3
  1. 1.Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, Department für Geo- und Umweltwissenschaften, Sektion für PaläontologieLudwig-Maximilians-University MunichMunichGermany
  2. 2.Instytut Paleobiologii PANWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Paläontologisches Institut und MuseumUniversität ZürichZurichSwitzerland

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