Intersection homology of toric varieties and a conjecture of Kalai
We prove an inequality, conjectured by Kalai, relating the g-polynomials of a polytope P, a face F, and the quotient polytope P/F, in the case where P is rational. We introduce a new family of polynomials g(P,F), which measures the complexity of the part of P“far away” from the face F; Kalai's conjecture follows from the nonnegativity of these polynomials. This nonnegativity comes from showing that the restriction of the intersection cohomology sheaf on a toric variety to the closure of an orbit is a direct sum of intersection homology sheaves.
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