Archiv der Mathematik

, Volume 95, Issue 2, pp 161–169 | Cite as

New asymptotic expansion for the Gamma function

  • Gergő NemesEmail author


Using a series transformation, the Stirling-De Moivre asymptotic series approximation to the Gamma function is converted into a new one with better convergence properties. The new formula is being compared with those of Stirling, Laplace, and Ramanujan for real arguments greater than 0.5 and turns out to be, for equal number of “correction” terms, numerically superior to all of them. As a side benefit, a closed-form approximation has turned up during the analysis which is about as good as 3rd order Stirling’s (maximum relative error smaller than 1e − 10 for real arguments greater or equal to 24).

Mathematics Subject Classification (2000)

33B15 41A60 


Asymptotic approximations Asymptotic expansions Gamma function Stirling’s formula 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    E.T. Copson, Asymptotic Expansions, Cambridge University Press, 1965.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. Whittaker and G. Watson, A Course of Modern Analysis, Cambridge University Press, 1963, 251–253.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun (eds.), Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, Graphs, and Mathematical Tables, National Bureau of Standards, Applied Mathematical Series, 55, 9th printing, Dover, New York, 1972, 804.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Luschny, An overview and comparison of different approximations of the factorial function,, 2007.
  5. 5.
    S. Ragahavan and S. S. Rangachari (eds.), S. Ramanujan: The lost notebook and other unpublished papers, Narosa Publ. House, Springer, New Delhi, Berlin, 1988.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Loránd Eötvös UniversityBudapestHungary

Personalised recommendations