Impact of topoisomerase II inhibition on cytokine and chemokine production
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Objective and design: In systemic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, cytokines and chemokines are deeply involved in the development of the disease manifestations. Etoposide is a cytostatic drug, known to deplete the monocyte population in mice and rabbits. We have recently shown that suboptimal doses have a disease-ameliorating effect in collagen II induced arthritis in the absence of monocyte depletion. Anti-arthritic properties parallelled with almost total eradication of production of specific collagen II antibodies. The aim of the present study was to investigate ex vivo and in vitro the function of the mononuclear cells and their production of B cell stimulating cytokines following exposure to etoposide, a topoisomerase II inhibitor. Materials and methods: Spleen cells from mice treated during four weeks with etoposide were cultured and the supernatants were analyzed with respect to content of TNF and IL-6. In addition, cells from the murine macrophage cell clone IC-21 were exposed to etoposide and the production of IL-6, using a bioassay, and the production of TNF, MIP-1α, RANTES, and IL-1β, using sandwich ELISAs, was determined. Results: Spleen cells from etoposide-treated mice secreted lower amounts of IL-6 and TNF as compared to the control animals. In addition, in vitro etoposide-exposed macrophages showed reduced capacity to produce TNF, IL-6 and MIP-1α. Conclusion: Our results indicate that inhibition of topoisomerase II downregulated the function of monocytes. Owing to its immunoregulatory properties, use of etoposide is suggested in treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases.
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