Differential IL-10 receptor gene expression in acute versus chronic atopic eczema. Modulation by immunosuppressive drugs and cytokines in normal cultured keratinocytes
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Objective and Design: The effects of the anticytokine interleukin 10 (IL-10) are mediated by specific receptors. In this study we examined the role of the IL-10 receptor (IL-10R) in the pathophysiology of atopic eczema. ¶Materials and Methods: For this purpose we analyzed the expression of IL-10R in the skin of patients with acute and chronic atopic eczema in comparison to the expression in healthy individuals using in situ binding experiments with fluorescently labeled IL-10 and semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-PCR specific for IL-10R1. In addition, we studied the influence of the Th2-associated cytokine interleukin-4 (IL-4), the Th1-associated gamma-interferon (IFN-γ), the immunosuppressive drug FK506, the H1-antagonist loratadine and UVA irradiation on the expression of IL-10R1 in cultured normal human keratinocytes. ¶Results: We found that IL-10 receptor mRNA and protein are strongly downregulated in acute phase atopic lesions. Furthermore we could show that IL-4, IFN-γ, FK506, loratadine and UVA enhance the mRNA levels of the IL-10R1 in vitro in normal cultured keratinocytes. We could also demonstrate restored IL-10R1 mRNA levels in lesional atopic skin of a patient after UVA1 therapy. ¶Conclusions: Our results demonstrate for the first time that IL-10 receptors may have a role in the pathogenesis of atopic eczema and its upregulation by FK506 and UVA could explain the therapeutic efficacy of these agents.
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