Upregulated CD200 in pre-retinal proliferative fibrovascular membranes of proliferative diabetic retinopathy patients and its correlation with vascular endothelial growth factor
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Objective and design
The objective was to determine the expression of CD200 in the pre-retinal proliferative fibrovascular membranes (PFVM) of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and to clarify its correlation with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and corresponding receptors.
PFVM samples were collected by vitrectomy from 14 patients with PDR, and 11 non-diabetic patients who accepted vitrectomy for idiopathic epiretinal membranes removal. The expression of CD200, VEGF,VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2 was measured via qPCR and immunofluorescent staining.
The mRNA level of CD200 was significantly higher in PDR patients than that in control patients. Meanwhile, CD200 and CD31 were found co-located and statistically associated in PFVM of PDR patients. The mRNA levels of VEGF, VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2 were also significantly higher in PDR patients. Moreover, statistical association was found between CD200 and VEGF, VEGF-R1 in mRNA levels. But there was no significant correlationship between CD200 and VEGF-R2.
These results suggest a significantly increased expression of CD200 in PFVM of patients with PDR and present a crucial association between CD200 and VEGF-involved pathway. It represents a potential therapy that interfering with CD200 may inhibit the VEFG expression and neovascular formation in PDR patients.
KeywordsCD200 Proliferative diabetic retinopathy Proliferative fibrovascular membrane Vascular endothelial growth factor
Shaanxi provincial government provided financial support in the form of the Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province (No. 2019JQ-953).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no competing interests.
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