Kinetic changes of regulatory B10 cells in collagen-induced arthritis could be regulated by cytokines IFN-γ and TGF-β1
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The status of B10 cells in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not been consistently reported. In this study, we observed the kinetic changes of the B10 cells in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice and the influence of multiple cytokines on the B10 cells to investigate the potential mechanism underlying the changes of B10 cells.
The kinetic changes of frequency and function of the CD19+CD1dhiCD5+ cells in splenic cells were observed during the complete progress of CIA mice. The kinetic changes of cytokines IL-4, IL-6, IL-17A, IL-18, TNF-α, IFN-γ and TGF-β1 were also detected. Then influence of these cytokines on the status of B10 cells was investigated both in vitro and in vivo.
The frequency and suppressive ability of the CD19+CD1dhiCD5+ cells increased to its peak on the 14th day while gradually decreased subsequently. IFN-γ showed a similar tendency with the CD19+CD1dhiCD5+ cells, whereas IL-6, IL-17A, IL-18, TNF-α, and TGF-β1 reached its peak on the 28–35th day. In addition, IFN-γ up-regulated while TGF-β1 down-regulated the frequency and function of the CD19+CD1dhiCD5+ cells both in vitro and in vivo.
The B10 cells in CIA mice could be regulated by IFN-γ and TGF-β1, suggesting that the status of B10 cells in RA may be influenced by the balance of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory factors, and the impaired B10 cells could be recovered in vitro by adequate treatment before being used for a therapeutic method in clinical practice.
KeywordsRegulatory B10 cells Regulation Arthritis IFN-γ TGF-β1
We thank Yanhong Wang and Chunmei Fan for their excellent technical assistance. This work was funded by a grant from National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81001335).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
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