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Inflammation Research

, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp 189–196 | Cite as

Diacerein decreases TNF-α and IL-1β levels in peritoneal fluid and prevents Baker’s yeast-induced fever in young rats

  • Juliana Saibt Martins Pasin
  • Ana Paula Oliveira Ferreira
  • André Luis Lopes Saraiva
  • Viviane Ratzlaff
  • Rosália Andrighetto
  • Jorgete Tomazetti
  • Daiana Silva Ávila
  • Sydney Hartz Alves
  • Maribel Antonello Rubin
  • Juliano Ferreira
  • Adair Roberto Soares Santos
  • Carlos Fernando MelloEmail author
Original Research Paper

Abstract

Objective

To investigate the effect of diacerein, an anti-inflammatory drug, on body temperature and protocols of fever induction in male Wistar rats.

Methods

The effect of diacerein (5.0 mg/kg, s.c.) on rectal temperature (T R) changes induced by Baker’s yeast (0.135 g/kg, i.p.) and PGE2 (10 ng/animal, i.t.) was evaluated. T R changes were recorded over time. The leukocyte count and TNF-α and IL-1β content were evaluated in the peritoneal fluid by means of optical microscopy and enzyme immunoassay (ELISA kits), respectively.

Results

The administration of diacerein to febrile animals attenuated Baker’s yeast-induced fever but did not alter prostaglandin E2-induced fever. Diacerein prevented the development of Baker’s yeast-induced fever and significantly attenuated the increase in peritoneal leukocytes and decreased IL-1β and TNF-α levels in peritoneal fluid.

Conclusions

These data suggest that diacerein partially protects against Baker’s yeast-induced fever and peritoneal leukocyte migration, and indicate that this effect appears to be due to inhibition of release of cytokines (such as TNF-α and IL-1β).

Keywords

Fever Cytokines Leukocyte migration In vivo inflammation Infection Baker’s yeast 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Paulino Aguiar and Florindo Duarte for competent technical support. Research supported by CNPq, CAPES and FAPERGS. C.F.M. and M.A.R. are the recipients of CNPq fellowships, grant numbers 500120/2003-0 and 500096/2003-1, respectively.

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel/Switzerland 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juliana Saibt Martins Pasin
    • 1
  • Ana Paula Oliveira Ferreira
    • 1
  • André Luis Lopes Saraiva
    • 1
  • Viviane Ratzlaff
    • 1
  • Rosália Andrighetto
    • 1
  • Jorgete Tomazetti
    • 1
  • Daiana Silva Ávila
    • 1
  • Sydney Hartz Alves
    • 2
  • Maribel Antonello Rubin
    • 3
  • Juliano Ferreira
    • 3
  • Adair Roberto Soares Santos
    • 4
  • Carlos Fernando Mello
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyUniversidade Federal de Santa MariaSanta MariaBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Center of Health SciencesUniversidade Federal de Santa MariaSanta MariaBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Center of Exact and Natural SciencesUniversidade Federal de Santa MariaSanta MariaBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Physiological SciencesUniversidade Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil

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