Single nucleotide polymorphisms and haplotypes of histamine N-methyltransferase in patients with gastric ulcer
Introduction: Histamine plays a crucial role in the regulation of gastric acid secretion, which is involved in the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer. Histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT) is the major metabolizing enzyme for histamine inactivation in human stomach.
Objective: This study aims to determine whether there exists a relationship between HNMT gene polymorphisms and the risk for gastric ulcer (GU).
Methods: 118 GU patients and 154 ethnically matched control subjects were enrolled and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assays were developed to genotype all these subjects for the T-1637C, C-411T, C314T and A1097T point mutations in HNMT gene. Haplotypes were reconstructed from the genotype data.
Results: Frequencies of the variant alleles in cases and controls were 0.398 vs 0.396 for T-1637C, 0.144 vs 0.110 for C-411T, 0.034 vs 0.042 for C314T, and 0.242 vs 0.273 for A1097T, respectively, with no significant difference for any locus between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Also the frequencies of genotypes, haplotypes and haplotype pairs based on these polymorphisms did not differ significantly between cases and controls.
Conclusion: This study provided no evidence for the involvement of HNMT polymorphisms in the susceptibility to GU.
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