Geometry and Construction Optimization: An example using Felix Candela’s Church of St. Joseph the Craftsman in Mexico
- 299 Downloads
This paper presents a contemporary architectural working method that encompasses digitalization and parameterization of existing buildings and optimization of new buildings designed with ruled surfaces. The method uses parametric modeling and computational structural analysis in order to simplify contemporary building processes. As an example of the application of these techniques, in this paper they are applied to Felix Candela’s Church of St. Joseph the Craftsman, a design which features hyperbolic paraboloids that are considered difficult to design, calculate and build. The optimization method introduced in this paper seeks to explore different possibilities for designing and modifying buildings designed using non-standard geometry allowing them to be built out of simplified elements but also keep construction and visual properties of their shape. This method is also useful for students and young engineers to expand their skills in structural analysis, parametric modeling and optimization methods with contemporary tools.
KeywordsConstruction optimization Geometry Ruled surfaces Digital fabrication Felix Candela
- Aage, N., O. Amir, A. Clausen, L. Hadar, D. Maier and A. Søndergaard 2014. Advanced topology optimization methods for conceptual architectural design. In: Advances in Architectural Geometry, eds. P. Block, J. Knippers, N. Mitra and W. Wang. 159-179. Cham : Springer International Publishing : Springer.Google Scholar
- Faber, C. 1965. Candela and his bowls (Candela und seine schalen). Munich: Verlag Georg D.W. Callwey.Google Scholar
- Forty, A. 2013. Words and buildings: a vocabulary of modern architecture. London : Thames & Hudson.Google Scholar
- Jovanović N., P. Pejić and S. Krasić. 2014. The use of voronoi diagram in the design of an object containing a hyperbolic paraboloid, 18th Geometrical Seminar, Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia, Book of Abstracts. ISBN 987-86-6275-027-3, 55. http://tesla.pmf.ni.ac.rs/people/geometrijskiseminarxviii/Book%20Abstracts-VrnjackaBanja2014.pdf. Accessed 4 March 2018.
- Krasić, S. 2012. Geometrical surfaces in Architecture. Nis, Serbia: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Nis.Google Scholar
- Mariano, V., M. Pascual and M. Q. Osvaldo. 2009. Topology design of two‐dimensional continuum structures using isolines. Computers & structures. 87 (1-2): 101-109.Google Scholar
- Radivojević G., and D. Kostić. 2011. Construction systems in architecture. Nis: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Niš, Serbia.Google Scholar
- Smith C. B., M. Pani, M. Goeritz, F. Candela, L. Barragán and J. O’Gorman. 1967. Builders in the sun : five Mexican architects, New York : Architectural Book.Google Scholar
- Stavrić M. and A. Wiltsche. 2015. Ornamental plate shell structures. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268368071_Ornamental_plate_shell_structures. (accessed 5 January 2018).
- Tomas A., and P. Marti. 2010. Optimality of Candela’s concrete shells: A study of his posthumous design, Journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures, 51:.67.Google Scholar