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Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 35–39 | Cite as

Somatic embryogenesis in Chenopodium rubrum and Chenopodium murale in vitro

  • S. Milivojević
  • A. Mitrović
  • Lj. Ćulafić
Article

Abstract

In order to establish an efficient system for in vitro plant regeneration of a short day plant Chenopodium rubrum L. and a long day plant Chenopodium murale L., optimum culture conditions for somatic embryogenesis were investigated. The effects of different growth regulators, their combination and their concentrations on somatic embryos induction in different explant types (root, hypocotyl, cotyledon and leaf) were tested. Somatic embryogenesis was induced in both plants on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with sucrose (3 %), agar (0.7 %) and 1 - 10 μM 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) as the sole growth regulator. The largest embryogenic capacity was found in root explants of Chenopodium rubrum on 1 μM 2,4-D and in basal parts of cotyledons in C. murale plants on 10 μM 2,4-D.

Additional key words

4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid explant types sucrose 

Abbreviations

2,4-D

2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid

ABA

abscisic acid

BAP

6-benzylaminopurine

GA3

gibberellic acid

IAA

indole-3-acetic acid

IBA

indole-3-butyric acid

KIN

6-furfurylaminopurine

PEG

polyethylene glycol

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Copyright information

© Institute of Experimental Botany 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Biological Research “S. Stanković”BelgradeSerbia and Montenegro
  2. 2.Center for Multidisciplinary StudiesUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia and Montenegro
  3. 3.Institute of Botany, Faculty of BiologyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia and Montenegro

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