Journal of Plant Research

, 111:509 | Cite as

Cytology and systematics in JapaneseArisaema (Araceae)

  • Kuniaki WatanabeEmail author
  • Tomiki Kobayashi
  • Jin Murata
Original Articles


Chromosome numbers are determined from 37 populations attributed to 22 taxa of JapaneseArisaema. Of them, chromosome numbers ofA. limbatum var.conspicuum (2n=26),A. minus (2n=26),A. nambae (2n=28) andA. seppikoense (2n=26) are determined for the first time. New chromosome numbers, 2n=26, are reported forA. aequinoctiale, A. limbatum, A. stenophyllum, A. undulatifolium andA. yoshinagae. Three modes of basic chromosome numbers,x=14,x=13 andx=12, occur in JapaneseArisaema. Precise karyotypic comparisons of 20 taxa reveal that taxa withx=14 andx=13 share 26 major chromosome arms and have an obvious chromosomal relationship. One of two submeta-centric chromosomes inx=13 corresponds to two telo-centric chromosomes inx=14. InA. ternatipartitum with 2n=6x=72, ten out of 12 basic chromosomes are the most similar in size and arm ratio with larger ten chromosomes ofA. ringens among JapaneseArisaema examined. A basic chromosome number ofx=14 is the commonest in the genusArisaema and the remaining basic chromosome numbers,x=13 andx=12, seem to be derived through dysploidal reduction by translocating large segments of major arm of telo-centric chromosome onto other minor arm of telo-centric followed by loss of the remainings including a centromere, and by loss of two telo-centrics fromx=14, respectively. Some systematic problems of JapaneseArisaema are discussed based on new cytological data.Arisaema hatizyoense, A. minus andA. nambae are accepted as independent species.

Key words

Araceae Arisaema Chromosome number Dysploidy Karyotype Telo-centrics 


  1. Hara, H. 1971. A revision of the Eastern Himalayan Species of the GenusArisaema (Araceae). Flora of Eastern Himalaya2: 321–354.Google Scholar
  2. Hotta, M. 1963. A new species ofArisaema from Japan. Acta Phytotax. Geobot.19: 158–160 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  3. Hotta, M. 1966. Note on the three species of JapaneseArisaema published in Colored Illustrations of Herbaceous Plants of Japan III. (Eds. Kitamuraet al.). Acta. Phytotax. Geobot.22: 95–96 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  4. Hotta, M. 1971. Study of the family Araceae. General remarks. Jap. J. Bot.20: 269–310.Google Scholar
  5. Iijima, M. 1982. On the chromosomes ofArisaema serratum from Hachijo Island. J. Jap. Bot.57: 317.Google Scholar
  6. Ishikawa, M. 1916. A list of the number of chromosomes. Bot. Mag. Tokyo30: 404–448.Google Scholar
  7. Ito, T. 1942. Chromosomen und Sexualitat von der Araceae. I. Somatische Chromosomenzahlen einiger Arten. Cytologia12: 313–325.Google Scholar
  8. Kishimoto, E. 1941. Chromosomenzahlen einiger Arten vonAmorphophallus undArisaema. Bot. and Zool.9: 433–434 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  9. Kitamura, S. 1949. Notes on Araceae of Japan. Acta Phytotax. Geobot.14: 5–8 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  10. Kobayashi, T. 1990. Notes on the new localities and the taxonomic characters ofArisaema minus (Serizawa) J. Murata. J. Phytogeogr. & Taxon.38: 23–25 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  11. Kobayashi, T. 1992. The genusArisaema in Hyogo Prefecture (I). Plants of Hyogo2: 14–27 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  12. Kobayashi, T. 1995. The growth characters of the genusArisaema distributed in Hyogo Prefecture. Plants of Hyogo5: 19–26 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  13. Kurakubo, Y. 1940. Über die Chromosomenzahlen von Araceae-Arten. Bot. and Zool.8: 1492 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  14. Levan, A., Frenda, K. andSandberg, A.A. 1964. Nomenclature for centromeric position on chromosomes. Hereditas52: 201–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Li, H. 1979. Araceae. In Flora Republicae Popularis Sinicae13(2): 1–206.Google Scholar
  16. Murata, J. 1983.Arisaema aprile (Araceae), a new species from Honshu, Japan. J. Jap. Bot.58: 29–32.Google Scholar
  17. Murata, J. 1984. An attempt at an infrageneric classification of the genusArisaema. J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, III,13: 431–482.Google Scholar
  18. Murata, J. 1986a. A revision of theArisaema amurense group. J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, III,14: 49–68.Google Scholar
  19. Murata, J. 1986b. Comments on taxonomic characters and the taxonomy of JapaneseArisaema (Araceae). (2) Length of the peduncle and the number of ovules-with special reference toA. undulatifolium andA. kisidae. Acta Phytotax. Geobot.37: 27–41 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  20. Murata, J. 1990a. New or noteworthy chromosome records inArisaema (Araceae) (2). J. Jap. Bot.65: 225–232.Google Scholar
  21. Murata, J. 1990b. Introduction to the plants ofArisaema recently recognized from Japan. Aroideana13: 34–43.Google Scholar
  22. Murata, J. 1990c. Present status ofArisaema systematics. Bot. Mag. Tokyo103: 371–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Murata, J. 1991. The systematic position ofArisaema nepenthoides andA. wattii (Araceae). Kew Bull.46: 119–128.Google Scholar
  24. Murata, J. 1993. Differentiation and taxonomy ofArisaema ovale Nakai and allies. Yamanashi Plant Res.6: 2–8 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  25. Murata, J. 1995. Diversity in theArisaema serratum group. Acta Phytotax. Geobot.46: 185–208 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  26. Murata, J. andIijima, M. 1983. New or noteworthy chromosome records inArisaema. J. Jap. Bot.58: 270–280.Google Scholar
  27. Murata, J. andKawahara, T. 1995. Allozyme differentiation inArisaema (Araceae) (3).Arisaema serratum group (sect.Pedatisecta). J. Phytogeogr. & Taxon.42: 99–109.Google Scholar
  28. Murata, J. andOhno, J. 1989.Arisaema ehimense J. Murata et Ohno (Araceae), a new species from Shikoku, Japan, of putative hybrid origin. J. Jap. Bot.64: 341–351.Google Scholar
  29. Nakajima, G. 1933. Chromosome numbers in some Angiosperms. Jap. J. Genet.9: 1–5.Google Scholar
  30. Nishikawa, T. 1985. Chromosome counts of flowering plants of Hokkaido (Japan). 8. J. Hokkaido Univ. Educ. Sect. II B.35: 97–112 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  31. Ohashi, H. andMurata, J. 1980. Taxonomy of the JapaneseArisaema (Araceae). J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, III,12: 281–336.Google Scholar
  32. Petersen, G. (1989). Cytology and systematics of Araceae. Nord. J. Bot.9: 119–166.Google Scholar
  33. Serizawa, S. 1980a. Studies on the genusArisaema in Japan (1). Group ofArisaema undulatifolium. J. Jap. Bot.55: 148–156 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  34. Serizawa, S. 1980b. Studies on the genusArisaema in Japan (2). Group ofArisaema yamatense. J. Jap. Bot.55: 353–357 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  35. Serizawa, S. 1981a. Studies on the genusArisaema in Japan (3). Group ofArisaema nikoense. J. Jap. Bot.56: 90–96 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  36. Serizawa, S. 1981b. Studies in the genusArisaema in Japan (4).Arisaema amurense group andA. longipedunculatum group. Acta Phytotax. Geobot.32: 22–30 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  37. Serizawa, S. 1982a. Studies on the genusArisaema in Japan (5).Arisaema heterocephalum. J. Jap. Bot.57: 41–46 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  38. Serizawa, S. 1982b. Studies on the genusArisaema in Japan (6). Group ofArisaema maximowiczii. J. Jap. Bot.57: 85–90 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  39. Serizawa, S. 1986. Supplementary notes on the classification ofArisaema nikoense s. lat. J. Jap. Bot.61: 22–29 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  40. Shaw, H.K. Airy. 1973. Araceae.In J.C. Willis, ed., A Dictionary of the Flowering Plants and Ferns. 8th ed., University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kuniaki Watanabe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tomiki Kobayashi
    • 2
  • Jin Murata
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceKobe UniversityKobeJapan
  2. 2.The Hyogo Prefectural Institute of Environmental ScienceKobeJapan
  3. 3.Makino Herbarium, Faculty of ScienceTokyo Metropolitan UniversityTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations