Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Leiomyoma originating from the extrapleural tissue of the chest wall

  • 48 Accesses

  • 7 Citations


We describe a rare case of leiomyoma of the chest wall in a 55-year-old female. Computed tomography showed a well-circumscribed neoplasm with a diameter of 2 cm in the right chest wall. The tumor was excised with video-assisted thoracic surgery. Histopathology confirmed that the tumor was leiomyoma arising from the microvascular smooth muscle in the chest wall. We present the immunohistochemical profiles of the tumor in detail, critically reviewing the previously reported cases.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    Anderson BO, Burt ME. Chest wall neoplasms and their management. Ann Thorac Surg 1994; 58: 1774–81.

  2. 2.

    Proca DM, Ross P Jr, Pratt J, Frankel WL. Smooth muscle tumor of the pleura. A case report and review of the literature. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2000; 124: 1688–92.

  3. 3.

    Uno A, Sakurai M, Onuma K, Yamane Y, Kurita K, Hayashi I, et al. A case of giant mediastinal leiomyoma with long-term survival. Tohoku J Exp Med 1988; 156: 1–6

  4. 4.

    Matsuoka H, Nishio W, Sakamoto T, Harada H, Sashikata T, Tsubota N. Mediastinal angioleiomyoma. Ann Thorac Surg 2002; 73: 1653–4.

  5. 5.

    van Rijn AB, van Kralingen KW, Koelma IA. Angioleiomyoma of the diaphragm. Ann Thorac Surg 2000; 69: 1928–9.

  6. 6.

    Moran CA, Suster S, Koss MN. Smooth muscle tumours presenting as pleural neoplasms. Histopathology 1995; 27: 227–34.

  7. 7.

    Tanaka T, Adachi A, Iwata S, Nishimura Y, Tanaka Y, Kakegawa T. A case of leiomyoma of the chest wall (Eng abstr). Nippon Kyobu Geka Gakkai Zasshi 1992; 40: 1721–4.

  8. 8.

    Lever WF, Schaumburg LG. Tumors of Fatty, Muscular, and Osseous Tissue. In: Elder DE, ed. Histopathology of the Skin. 7th ed. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1990: 728–9.

  9. 9.

    Hisato F, Tuneo F. Textbook of Histology Part 2. 3rd ed, Tokyo, Igaku-Shoin, 1992: 195.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Naohiro Nose MD.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Nose, N., Inoue, M., Kodate, M. et al. Leiomyoma originating from the extrapleural tissue of the chest wall. Jpn J Thorac Caridovasc Surg 54, 242–245 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00022244

Download citation

Key words

  • chest wall, tumor, benign
  • video-assisted thoracic surgery