Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 15, pp 6246–6251 | Cite as

Study of dielectric and piezoelectric properties of Pb(Ni,Nb)O3–Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 ceramics using mechanically activated powder

  • O. P. ThakurEmail author
  • Chandra Prakash
  • Rakesh Kumar Sharma
Article

Abstract

Pb(Ni,Nb)O3–Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 of perovskite structure has been successfully prepared by mechanically activating mixed oxides of PbO, NiO, Nb2O5, ZrO2 and TiO2. This novel technique skips calcination steps at an intermediate temperature, which is otherwise required in both the conventional solid state reaction and chemical routes. Ceramics prepared by this process exhibits high diffusivity and sinterability. The measured density of the sintered pellets was found to be within 97–98% of their theoretical value. The room temperature dielectric constant (ε′) of ∼4,500 and a loss (tanδ) of ∼0.025 were measured on these samples. The high value of planar coupling factor, kp = 66% and charge coefficient, d33 = 660pC/N were obtained for the ceramic specimen sintered at 1,150 °C. The maximum strain realized by the present system was ∼0.3%.

Keywords

Sinter Temperature Piezoelectric Property Perovskite Phase High Sinter Temperature Relaxor Ferroelectric 

References

  1. 1.
    Zhu XH, Meng ZY (1996) J Mater Sci 31:2171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhu XH, Xu J, Meng ZY (1997) J Mater Sci 32:4275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Alberta E, Bhalla AS, Takenaka T (1996) Ferroelectrics 188:109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ravindranathan P, Komarneni S, Bhalla AS, Roy RR (1996) Ferroelectrics 188:125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Vittayakorn N, Rujiijanagul G, Tan X, Marquardt MA, Cann DP (2004) J Appl Phys 96:5103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lim K-J, Lee S-Y, Lee J-S, Lee M-J, Kang S-H (2004) J Electroceramics 13:449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Buyanova EA, Strelets PL, Serova IA, Isupov VA (1965) Bull Acad Sci USSR Phys Ser 29:1877Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Luff D, Lane R, Brown KR, Marshallsay HJ (1974) Trans J Br Ceram Soc 73:251Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Moon JH, Jang HM (1993) J Am Ceram Soc 76:549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Takahashi S, Miyao S, Yoneda S, Kuwabara M (1993) Jpn J Appl Phys 32:4245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lu C-H, Hwang W-J (1999) J Mater Res 14:1364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Takahashi S (1986) Sens Technol (Eng. Transl.) 56Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wang SF, Huebner W (1991) J Am Ceram Soc 74:1349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang SF, Dougherty JP, Huebner W, Pepin JG (1994) J Am Ceram Soc 77:3051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shrout TR, Papet P, Kim S, Lee G (1990) J Am Ceram Soc 73:1862CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yamashita T (1992) Ceram Bull 71:978Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hayashi T, Inoue T, Akiyama Y (1999) J Euro Ceram Soc 19:999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chu S, Hsich C (1999) J Mater Sci Lett 18:1295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wang J, Wan DM, Xue JM, Ng WB (1998) Singapore patent 9:801566-2Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Koch CC (1993) Nanostruct Mater 2:109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Bove T, Wolny W, Ringaard E, Pedersen A (2001) J Eur Ceram Soc 21:1469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Leite ER, Scotch AM, Khan A, Li T, Chan HM, Harmer MP, Liu S-F, Park S-E (2002) J Am Ceram Soc 85:3018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Martirena HT, Burfoot JC (1974) J Phys Solid State Phys 7:3182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wagner S, Kahraman D, Kungel H, Hoffmann MJ, Schuh C, Lubitz K, Murmann-Biesenecker H, Schmid JA (2005) J Appl Phys 98:024102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lu CH, Hwang WS (1995) J Mater Res 10:2755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Randall CA, Kim N, Kucera J-P, Cao W, Shrout TR (1998) J Am Ceram Soc 81:677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Webster AH, Weston TB (1968) J Can Ceram Soc 37:41Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hoffman MJ, Kungl H (2004) Curr Opin Solid State Mater Sci 8:51CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. P. Thakur
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chandra Prakash
    • 1
  • Rakesh Kumar Sharma
    • 2
  1. 1.Electroceramics GroupSolid State Physics LaboratoryDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsBarkatullah UniversityBhopalIndia

Personalised recommendations