RETIN: A Content-Based Image Indexing and Retrieval System
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This paper presents RETIN, a new system for automatic image indexing and interactive content-based image retrieval. The most original aspect of our work rests on the distance computation and its adjustment by relevance feedback. First, during an offline stage, the indexes are computed from attribute vectors associated with image pixels. The feature spaces are partitioned through an unsupervised classification, and then, thanks to these partitions, statistical distributions are processed for each image. During the online use of the system, the user makes an iconic request, i.e. he brings an example of the type of image he is looking for. The query may be global or partial, since the user can reduce his request to a region of interest. The comparison between the query distribution and that of every image in the collection is carried out by using a weighted dissimilarity function which manages the use of several attributes. The results of the search are then refined by means of relevance feedback, which tunes the weights of the dissimilarity measure via user interaction. Experiments are then performed on large databases and statistical quality assessment shows the good properties of RETIN for digital image retrieval. The evaluation also shows that relevance feedback brings flexibility and robustness to the search.
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