Journal of Plant Research

, Volume 113, Issue 3, pp 287–299 | Cite as

The Structure and Distribution of the Flavonoids in Plants

  • Tsukasa Iwashina


-C3-C6 skeleton, have been found in plants, and are divided into several classes, i.e., anthocyanins, flavones, flavonols, flavanones, dihydroflavonols, chalcones, aurones, flavan and proanthocyanidins, isoflavonoids, biflavonoids, etc. In this review, the chemical structures of the reported flavonoid classes are introduced and their distribution in nature are described. Additionally, some recent chemotaxonomical examples using the flavonoids are also given.

Keywords: Chemical structures, Chemotaxonomy, Flavonoids, Plants 


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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tsukasa Iwashina
    • 1
  1. 1.Tsukuba Botanical Garden, National Science Museum, 4–1–1 Amakubo, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305–0005 JapanJP

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