Molecular Phylogenetic Analysis of Ribosomal DNA Internal Transcribed Spacer Regions and Comparison of Fertility in Phomopsis Isolates from Fruit Trees
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Sequences of the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions were examined to infer a molecular phylogeny of small-spored Phomopsis isolates, designated W-type (mainly white colony, weakly virulent, bearing both alpha and beta conidia at 25°C on PDA) and G-type (mainly gray colony, highly virulent, bearing only alpha conidia at 25°C on PDA), and P. amygdali from fruit trees. Phomopsis G-type and P. amygdali were a monophyletic group distinct from the W-type. The W-type isolates were divided into two monophyletic groups. Diaporthe citri, D. tanakae, P. asparagi, P. viticola, P. vitimegaspora and D. nomurai, which are morphologically distinguishable from W- and G-types, differed from the W- and G-types in molecular phylogenetic analyses. PCR-RFLP analysis of rDNA ITS regions was useful to distinguish each of the Phomopsis species and groups using three restriction enzymes. In mating tests, W-type isolates from fruit trees were heterothallic and inter-fertile even between isolates belonging to the different monophyletic groups. Isolates of the G-type and P. amygdali collected in Japan were cross-fertile. Some isolates from Lunaria annua, Ulmus glabra and Juglans regia belonged to one of the two monophyletic groups of the W-type and were cross-fertile with W-type isolates from Rosaceous fruit trees.
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