Incidence of Malignant Melanoma in Auckland, New Zealand: Highest Rates in the World
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The calculation of incidence rates of melanoma in New Zealand has been hampered in the past by incomplete registration of cases. The aim of this study was to document the incidence of melanoma in the Auckland Caucasian population and to define the pathologic characteristics of these lesions. Data were collected for the Auckland region from the New Zealand Cancer Registry and the Auckland Melanoma Unit database for 1995 and combined with census statistics to give the crude and age-standardized rates for invasive melanoma. The results were analyzed by gender, morphology, body site, and thickness. The crude annual incidence for invasive cutaneous malignant melanoma was 77.7/100,000. The age-standardized annual rate was 56.2/100,000 with no statistically significant differences in the rates for males and females. The cumulative risk of developing melanoma over a lifetime, from age 0 to 74, was 5.7% overall. The age-specific rates steadily increase with advancing age. The lesions were generally thin; 64% were less than 0.76 mm, and only 7% were thicker than 3.00 mm. In conclusion, the Caucasian population in the Auckland region has the highest incidence of melanoma in the world.
KeywordsMelanoma Incidence Rate Cancer Registry Pathologic Characteristic Annual Rate
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