Uncertainty calculations in the certification of reference materials 4. Characterisation and certification
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The main objective of the certification of a reference material is to determine its property values including their uncertainty. In the previous parts of this series, the basis for the evaluation of measurement uncertainty of the property values has been examined, including the conversion of homogeneity and stability study data into standard uncertainties. In this final part, the determination of the property values and the modelling of the certification process is discussed. It is noted that the characterisation of a reference material can be modelled in some cases using analysis of variance statistics, but a more generally applicable model can be developed based on χ2-fitting. Furthermore, it is concluded that there is an advantage in using absolute standard uncertainties instead of relative ones when modelling the certification process.
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