The present study was designed to examine the sensitivity and specificity of a 28-item screening test in identifying patients who aspirate, have an oral stage disorder, a pharyngeal delay, or a pharyngeal stage disorder. The screening test includes 28 items divided into 5 categories: (1) 4 medical history variables; (2) 6 behavioral variables; (3) 2 gross motor variables; (4) 9 observations from oromotor testing; and (5) 7 observations during trial swallows. Results identified variables that were able to classify patients correctly as having or not having aspiration 71% of the time, an oral stage disorder 69% of the time, a pharyngeal delay 72% of the time, and a pharyngeal stage swallowing problem 70% of the time. Sensitivity and specificity for each of these judgments and all 28 items on the test are also provided. Results are discussed relative to statistical, clinical, and third-party perspectives on the goals of screening, data from other screening tests, and the role of screening versus diagnostic testing in care of dysphagic patients.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.