A Preliminary Comparison of Videofluoroscopy of Swallow and Pulse Oximetry in the Identification of Aspiration in Dysphagic Patients
Pulse oximetry has recently received attention in the dysphagia literature because of its possible contribution to the management of neurogenic dysphagia. The present study was devised to examine whether pulse oximetry could be exploited to determine episodes of aspiration in patients with known dysphagia of neurologic origin. To this end, pulse oximetry was undertaken in six patients undergoing videofluoroscopic study of swallow. Normal controls also underwent pulse oximetry during feeding. The results indicate that there is no clear-cut relationship between changes in arterial oxygenation and aspiration. However, some support is found for the association between altered arterial oxygenation and oral feeding in dysphagic individuals. Further research in both normals and compromised individuals is needed.
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