Algorithmica

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 1–13 | Cite as

Constructing a Tree from Homeomorphic Subtrees, with Applications to Computational Evolutionary Biology

  • M. R. Henzinger
  • V. King
  • T. Warnow

Abstract.

We are given a set \(\cal T\) = {T1,T2, . . .,Tk } of rooted binary trees, each Ti leaf-labeled by a subset \( {\cal L}(T_i) \subset \{1,2, . . ., n\} \) . If T is a tree on {1,2, . . .,n }, we let \( T|{\cal L} \) denote the minimal subtree of T induced by the nodes of \( \cal L \) and all their ancestors. The consensustreeproblem asks whether there exists a tree T* such that, for every i , \( T^* |{\cal L}(T_i) \) is homeomorphic to Ti .

We present algorithms which test if a given set of trees has a consensus tree and if so, construct one. The deterministic algorithm takes time min{O(N n1/2), O(N+ n2 log n )}, where \( N = \sum_i | T_i | \) , and uses linear space. The randomized algorithm takes time O(N log3 n) and uses linear space. The previous best for this problem was a 1981 O(Nn) algorithm by Aho et al. Our faster deterministic algorithm uses a new efficient algorithm for the following interesting dynamic graph problem: Given a graph G with n nodes and m edges and a sequence of b batches of one or more edge deletions, then, after each batch, either find a new component that has just been created or determine that there is no such component. For this problem, we have a simple algorithm with running time O(n2 log n + b0 min{n2, m log n }), where b0 is the number of batches which do not result in a new component. For our particular application, \( b_0 \leq1 \) . If all edges are deleted, then the best previously known deterministic algorithm requires time \( O(m \sqrt n) \) to solve this problem. We also present two applications of these consensus tree algorithms which solve other problems in computational evolutionary biology.

Key words. Algorithms, Data structures, Evolutionary biology, Theory of databases. 

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Copyright information

© 1999 Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Henzinger
    • 1
  • V. King
    • 2
  • T. Warnow
    • 3
  1. 1.Digital Equipment Corporation, Systems Research Center, Palo Alto, CA 94301, USA. monika@pa.dec.com.US
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. val@csr.uvic.ca.CA
  3. 3.Department of Computer and Information Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. tandy@central.cis.upenn.edu.US

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