Assignment of human genes for β2 and β4 subunits of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels to chromosomes 10p12 and 2q22-q23
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We have used human β2 and β4 cDNA probes to map the genes encoding two isoforms of the regulatory β subunit of voltage-activated Ca2+ channels, viz. CACNB2 (β2) and CACNB4 (β4), to human chromosomes 10p12 and 2q22-q23, respectively, by fluorescence in situ hybridization. The gene encoding the β2 protein, first described as a Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) antigen in humans, is found close to a region that undergoes chromosome rearrangements in small cell lung cancer, which occurs in association with LEMS. CACNB2 (β2) and CACNB4 (β4) genes are members of the ion-channel gene superfamily and it should now be possible to examine their loci by linkage analysis of ion-channel-related disorders. To date, no such disease-related gene has been assigned to 10p12 and 2q22-q23.
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