Journal of Molecular Evolution

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 424–431 | Cite as

On the Origin of Metabolic Pathways

  • Antonio  Lazcano
  • Stanley L.  Miller


The heterotrophic theory of the origin of life is the only proposal available with experimental support. This comes from the ease of prebiotic synthesis under strongly reducing conditions. The prebiotic synthesis of organic compounds by reduction of CO2 to monomers used by the first organisms would also be considered an heterotrophic origin. Autotrophy means that the first organisms biosynthesized their cell constituents as well as assembling them. Prebiotic synthetic pathways are all different from the biosynthetic pathways of the last common ancestor (LCA). The steps leading to the origin of the metabolic pathways are closer to prebiotic chemistry than to those in the LCA. There may have been different biosynthetic routes between the prebiotic and the LCAs that played an early role in metabolism but have disappeared from extant organisms. The semienzymatic theory of the origin of metabolism proposed here is similar to the Horowitz hypothesis but includes the use of compounds leaking from preexisting pathways as well as prebiotic compounds from the environment.

Key words: Last common ancestor — Semienzymatic synthesis — Evolution of metabolism — Heterotrophic origin of life 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio  Lazcano
    • 1
  • Stanley L.  Miller
    • 2
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 70-407, Cd. Universitaria, 04510 México D.F., MexicoMX
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92053-0506, USAUS

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