Journal of Evolutionary Economics

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 207–230 | Cite as

Religion and economic growth: was Weber right?

  • Ulrich Blum
  • Leonard Dudley
Original paper


Evidence of falling wages in Catholic cities and rising wages in Protestant cities between 1500 and 1750, during the spread of literacy in the vernacular, is inconsistent with most theoretical models of economic growth. In The Protestant Ethic, Weber suggested an alternative explanation based on culture. Here, a theoretical model confirms that a small change in the subjective cost of cooperating with strangers can generate a profound transformation in trading networks. In explaining urban growth in early-modern Europe, specifications compatible with human-capital versions of the neoclassical model and endogenous-growth theory are rejected in favor of a “small-world” formulation based on the Weber thesis.

Key words: Growth – Religion – Networks – Culture – Europe 
JEL classification: O52 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Blum
    • 1
  • Leonard Dudley
    • 2
  1. 1.Economics Faculty, Dresden University of Technology, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany (e-mail: DE
  2. 2.CRDE and Economics Department, Université de Montréal, Montréal, OC, H3C3J7, Canada (e-mail: CA

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