Loci underlying resistance to Race 3 of soybean cyst nematode in Glycine soja plant introduction 468916
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Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) (Heterodera glycines Ichinohe) is an important soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] pest in the U.S. and throughout the world. Genetic resistance is the primary method for controlling SCN and there is a need to identify new resistance genes. Glycine soja Sieb. and Zucc. is the wild ancestor of domesticated soybean and is a potential source of new SCN resistance genes. The goal of this research was to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that provide resistance to SCN Race 3 from the G. soja plant introduction (PI) 468916. Fifty seven F2-derived lines from a cross between the G. soja PI 468916 and the G. max experimental line A81-356022 were tested for resistance to an SCN population with a Race-3 phenotype. These lines were also genotyped with 1,004 genetic markers and resistance genes were mapped by composite interval mapping with the computer program QTL-Cartographer. In the F2 population, three significant (LOD > 3.0) QTLs were detected that explained from 5% to 27% of the variation for Race-3 resistance. The two most significant QTLs identified in the F2 population were tested in a population of 100 BC1F2 plants developed by crossing A81-356022 to a line from the F2 population that carried the two resistance QTLs from G. soja. In the backcross population, both Race-3 resistance QTLs were significant, which confirms the existence of these QTLs. The QTLs identified in this experiment map to positions where SCN resistance genes have not been previously identified, suggesting that these are novel genes that could be useful for diversifying the resistance genes currently used in cultivar development.
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