We study bounds on the exit time of Brownian motion from a set in terms of its size and shape, and the relation of such bounds with isoperimetric inequalities. The first result is an upper bound for the distribution function of the exit time from a subset of a sphere or hyperbolic space of constant curvature in terms of the exit time from a disc of the same volume. This amounts to a rearrangement inequality for the Dirichlet heat kernel. To connect this inequality with the classical isoperimetric inequality, we derive a formula for the perimeter of a set in terms of the heat flow over the boundary. An auxiliary result generalizes Riesz' rearrangement inequality to multiple integrals.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.