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Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2017:129 | Cite as

Thermodynamics with pressure and volume under charged particle absorption

  • Bogeun Gwak
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract

We investigate the variation of the charged anti-de Sitter black hole under charged particle absorption by considering thermodynamic volume. When the energy of the particle is considered to contribute to the internal energy of the black hole, the variation exactly corresponds to the prediction of the first law of thermodynamics. Nevertheless, we find the decrease of the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy for extremal and near-extremal black holes under the absorption, which is an irreversible process. This violation of the second law of thermodynamics is only found when considering thermodynamic volume. We test the weak cosmic censorship conjecture affected by the violation. Fortunately, the conjecture is still valid, but extremal and near-extremal black holes do not change their configurations when any particle enters the black hole. This result is quite different from the case in which thermodynamic volume is not considered.

Keywords

Black Holes Classical Theories of Gravity Models of Quantum Gravity 

Notes

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomySejong UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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