Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2017:34 | Cite as

(p, q)-webs of DIM representations, 5d \( \mathcal{N}=1 \) instanton partition functions and qq-characters

  • J.-E. BourgineEmail author
  • M. Fukuda
  • K. Harada
  • Y. Matsuo
  • R.-D. Zhu
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics


Instanton partition functions of \( \mathcal{N}=1 \) 5d Super Yang-Mills reduced on S1 can be engineered in type IIB string theory from the (p, q)-branes web diagram. To this diagram is superimposed a web of representations of the Ding-Iohara-Miki (DIM) algebra that acts on the partition function. In this correspondence, each segment is associated to a representation, and the (topological string) vertex is identified with the intertwiner operator constructed by Awata, Feigin and Shiraishi. We define a new intertwiner acting on the representation spaces of levels (1, n) ⊗ (0, m) → (1, n + m), thereby generalizing to higher rank m the original construction. It allows us to use a folded version of the usual (p, q)-web diagram, bringing great simplifications to actual computations. As a result, the characterization of Gaiotto states and vertical intertwiners, previously obtained by some of the authors, is uplifted to operator relations acting in the Fock space of horizontal representations. We further develop a method to build qq-characters of linear quivers based on the horizontal action of DIM elements. While fundamental qq-characters can be built using the coproduct, higher ones require the introduction of a (quantum) Weyl reflection acting on tensor products of DIM generators.


Quantum Groups Supersymmetric Gauge Theory Topological Strings D-branes 


Open Access

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS), Quantum Universe Center (QUC)SeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Sezione INFN di Bologna, Dipartimento di Fisica e AstronomiaUniversità di BolognaBolognaItaly
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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