Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2016:122 | Cite as

Capabilities of long-baseline experiments in the presence of a sterile neutrino

  • Debajyoti Dutta
  • Raj Gandhi
  • Boris Kayser
  • Mehedi MasudEmail author
  • Suprabh Prakash
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics


Assuming that there is a sterile neutrino, we ask what then is the ability of long-baseline experiments to i) establish that neutrino oscillation violates CP, ii) determine the three-neutrino mass ordering, and iii) determine which CP-violating phase or phases are the cause of any CP violation that may be observed. We find that the ability to establish CP violation and to determine the mass ordering could be very substantial. However, the effects of the sterile neutrino could be quite large, and it might prove very difficult to determine which phase is responsible for an observed CP violation. We explain why a sterile neutrino changes the long-baseline sensitivities to CP violation and to the mass ordering in the ways that it does. We note that long-baseline experiments can probe the presence of sterile neutrinos in a way that is different from, and complementary to, the probes of short-baseline experiments. We explore the question of how large sterile-active mixing angles need to be before long-baseline experiments can detect their effects, or how small they need to be before the interpretation of these experiments can safely disregard the possible existence of sterile neutrinos.


Beyond Standard Model CP violation Neutrino Physics 


Open Access

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Debajyoti Dutta
    • 1
  • Raj Gandhi
    • 1
  • Boris Kayser
    • 2
  • Mehedi Masud
    • 1
    Email author
  • Suprabh Prakash
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Harish-Chandra Research InstituteAllahabadIndia
  2. 2.Theoretical Physics DepartmentFermilabBataviaU.S.A.
  3. 3.School of PhysicsSun Yat-Sen (Zhongshan) UniversityGuangzhouP.R. China

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