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Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2010:23 | Cite as

On inflation with non-minimal coupling

  • Mark P. HertzbergEmail author
Article

Abstract

A simple realization of inflation consists of adding the following operators to the Einstein-Hilbert action: (∂ϕ)2, λϕ 4, and ξϕ 2 R , with ξ a large non-minimal coupling. Recently there has been much discussion as to whether such theories make sense quantum mechanically and if the inflaton ϕ can also be the Standard Model Higgs. In this work we answer these questions. Firstly, for a single scalar ϕ, we show that the quantum field theory is well behaved in the pure gravity and kinetic sectors, since the quantum generated corrections are small. However, the theory likely breaks down at ~m Pl /ξ due to scattering provided by the self-interacting potential λϕ 4. Secondly, we show that the theory changes for multiple scalars \( \overrightarrow \phi \) with non-minimal coupling \( \xi \overrightarrow \phi \cdot \overrightarrow \phi \mathcal{R} \), since this introduces qualitatively new interactions which manifestly generate large quantum corrections even in the gravity and kinetic sectors, spoiling the theory for energies ≳ m Pl . Since the Higgs doublet of the Standard Model includes the Higgs boson and 3 Goldstone bosons, it falls into the latter category and therefore its validity is manifestly spoiled. We show that these conclusions hold in both the Jordan and Einstein frames and describe an intuitive analogy in the form of the pion Lagrangian. We also examine the recent claim that curvature-squared inflation models fail quantum mechanically. Our work appears to go beyond the recent discussions.

Keywords

Higgs Physics Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM Renormalization Group 

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Copyright information

© SISSA, Trieste, Italy 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Theoretical Physics and Department of PhysicsMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeU.S.A.
  2. 2.Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and CosmologyStanford UniversityMenlo ParkU.S.A.
  3. 3.Stanford Institute for Theoretical PhysicsStanford UniversityStanfordU.S.A.

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