Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2014:109 | Cite as

Planck constant as spectral parameter in integrable systems and KZB equations

  • A. Levin
  • M. Olshanetsky
  • A. ZotovEmail author
Open Access


We construct special rational gl N Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov-Bernard (KZB) equations with Ñ punctures by deformation of the corresponding quantum gl N rational R-matrix. They have two parameters. The limit of the first one brings the model to the ordinary rational KZ equation. Another one is τ. At the level of classical mechanics the deformation parameter τ allows to extend the previously obtained modified Gaudin models to the modified Schlesinger systems. Next, we notice that the identities underlying generic (elliptic) KZB equations follow from some additional relations for the properly normalized R-matrices. The relations are noncommutative analogues of identities for (scalar) elliptic functions. The simplest one is the unitarity condition. The quadratic (in R matrices) relations are generated by noncommutative Fay identities. In particular, one can derive the quantum Yang-Baxter equations from the Fay identities. The cubic relations provide identities for the KZB equations as well as quadratic relations for the classical r-matrices which can be treated as halves of the classical Yang-Baxter equation. At last we discuss the R-matrix valued linear problems which provide gl Ñ CM models and Painlevé equations via the above mentioned identities. The role of the spectral parameter plays the Planck constant of the quantum R-matrix. When the quantum gl N R-matrix is scalar (N = 1) the linear problem reproduces the Krichever’s ansatz for the Lax matrices with spectral parameter for the gl Ñ CM models. The linear problems for the quantum CM models generalize the KZ equations in the same way as the Lax pairs with spectral parameter generalize those without it.


Integrable Equations in Physics Quantum Groups Gauge Symmetry 


Open Access

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NRU HSE, Department of MathematicsMoscowRussia
  2. 2.ITEPMoscowRussia
  3. 3.MIPTDolgoprudnyRussia
  4. 4.Steklov Mathematical Institute RASMoscowRussia

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