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Measurement of D-meson production versus multiplicity in p-Pb collisions at \( \sqrt{{\mathrm{s}}_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02 \) TeV

A preprint version of the article is available at arXiv.

Abstract

The measurement of prompt D-meson production as a function of multiplicity in p-Pb collisions at \( \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02 \) TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC is reported. D0, D+ and D∗+ mesons are reconstructed via their hadronic decay channels in the centre-of-mass rapidity range −0.96 < y cms < 0.04 and transverse momentum interval 1<p T <24 GeV/c. The multiplicity dependence of D-meson production is examined by either comparing yields in p-Pb collisions in different event classes, selected based on the multiplicity of produced particles or zero-degree energy, with those in pp collisions, scaled by the number of binary nucleon-nucleon collisions (nuclear modification factor); as well as by evaluating the per-event yields in p-Pb collisions in different multiplicity intervals normalised to the multiplicity-integrated ones (relative yields). The nuclear modification factors for D0, D+ and D∗+ are consistent with one another. The D-meson nuclear modification factors as a function of the zero-degree energy are consistent with unity within uncertainties in the measured p T regions and event classes. The relative D-meson yields, calculated in various p T intervals, increase as a function of the charged-particle multiplicity. The results are compared with the equivalent pp measurements at \( \sqrt{s}=7 \) TeV as well as with EPOS 3 calculations.

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