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Exactly solvable gravitating perfect fluid solitons in (2 + 1) dimensions

  • C. Adam
  • T. Romanczukiewicz
  • M. Wachla
  • A. Wereszczynski
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
  • 56 Downloads

Abstract

The Bogomolnyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) baby Skyrme model coupled to gravity is considered. We show that in an asymptotically flat space-time the model still possesses the BPS property, i.e., admits a BPS reduction to first order Bogomolnyi equations, which guarantees that the corresponding proper energy is a linear function of the topological charge. We also find the mass-radius relation as well as the maximal mass and radius. All these results are obtained in an analytical manner, which implies the complete solvability of this selfgravitating matter system.

If a cosmological constant is added, then the BPS property is lost. In de Sitter (dS ) space-time both extremal and non-extremal solutions are found, where the former correspond to finite positive pressure solutions of the flat space-time model. For the asymptotic anti-de Sitter (AdS ) case, extremal solutions do not exist as there are no negative pressure BPS baby Skyrmions in flat space-time. Non-extremal solutions with AdS asymptotics do exist and may be constructed numerically. The impact of the negative cosmological constant on the mass-radius relation is studied. We also found two potentials for which exact multi-soliton solutions in the external AdS space can be obtained. Finally, we elaborate on the implications of these findings for certain three-dimensional models of holographic QCD.

Keywords

Field Theories in Lower Dimensions Solitons Monopoles and Instantons Holography and quark-gluon plasmas Integrable Field Theories 

Notes

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Adam
    • 1
  • T. Romanczukiewicz
    • 2
  • M. Wachla
    • 3
  • A. Wereszczynski
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Física de PartículasUniversidad de Santiago de Compostela and Instituto Galego de Física de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE)Santiago de CompostelaSpain
  2. 2.Institute of PhysicsJagiellonian UniversityKrakówPoland
  3. 3.Institute of Nuclear PhysicsPolish Academy of SciencesKrakówPoland

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